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Ch 7: The Cognitive Model of Abnormal Behavior

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to learn how the brain processes information and why this is useful to cognitive theorists and their studies of human behavior. These video lessons are short and engaging and make learning easy!

The Cognitive Model of Abnormal Behavior - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

There are a variety of approaches to explain and address abnormal behavior. In this chapter, you will see how adherents to the cognitive approach focus on brain activity and the processes of learning. After completing this chapter, you should be able to identify:

  • Cognitive model theories and treatments
  • Terminology associated with the cognitive approach
  • Aspects of language development
  • Learning techniques
  • Characteristics of memory
  • Strengths and weaknesses of the cognitive model

Video Objective
The Cognitive Model in Psychology and Abnormal Functioning Look at theories on abnormal behavior from a cognitive approach.
What is Cognition? Learn what cognition is and terminology associated with the concept.
What Is Language? Discover the complexity of language and how it is used to communicate meaning.
Language Acquisition Explore the process of learning to speak a language.
Information Processing Learn how the human brain takes in, processes, and stores information.
Categorizing Memory Look at how your brain categorizes information in order to form memories.
Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing Learn two different ways the human brain can focus.
Perceptual Development Discover which senses are essential for survival and which ones develop over time.
Improving Short Term Memory Look at techniques that will actually increase short-term memory.
Improving Long Term Memory Learn some techniques that will improve long-term memory.
Memory Distortion See how the brain can compensate when taking in large amounts of information.
Heuristics Explore the human brain's processes of drawing conclusions.
Common Cognitive Treatments and Therapy Look at some treatments for abnormal behavior using the cognitive approach.
Assessing the Cognitive Model in Psychology: Strengths and Weaknesses Assess the cognitive model and address some strengths and weaknesses.

Lessons in Chapter 7: The Cognitive Model of Abnormal Behavior
The Cognitive Model in Psychology and Abnormal Functioning

1. The Cognitive Model in Psychology and Abnormal Functioning

Everyone has thoughts and beliefs. But how do those thoughts affect your mental health? In this lesson, we'll seek an answer to that question in the cognitive model of abnormal psychology and look closer at the A-B-C Theory of cognition.

What is Cognition?

2. What is Cognition?

People think in different ways, and thoughts are an important part of who you are. In this lesson, we'll look at cognition, including two common types of cognition: reasoning and heuristics.

What Is Language?

3. What Is Language?

Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.

Language Acquisition

4. Language Acquisition

Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.

Information Processing

5. Information Processing

How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.

Categorizing Memory

6. Categorizing Memory

Did you know that there are several types of memories? How does your brain keep track of them all? In this lesson, as you observe your surroundings at an art museum, you'll come to understand how your brain categorizes memory so you can remember your experiences.

Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing

7. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing

Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.

Perceptual Development

8. Perceptual Development

Why are some senses more developed than others for a newborn? You'll learn which senses are initially important for infants to bond with and recognize their mothers and which one is still in development after birth.

Improving Short Term Memory

9. Improving Short Term Memory

Wouldn't it be nice to improve your short-term memory? According to one psychological study, there are, in fact, ways you can organize sets of new information to make them easier to remember. Based on the study, this lesson examines a method that can increase your short-term memory.

Improving Long Term Memory

10. Improving Long Term Memory

What are some tips for improving your memory? This memorable lesson on memory covers self-referencing, mnemonic devices, spaced repetition and rehearsal. You won't want to cram for exams once you learn these better ways to improve your long-term memory!

Memory Distortion

11. Memory Distortion

With all the information we learn and process every day, it can be difficult to remember things accurately. Because of this, our memory can become distorted. In this lesson, we'll learn how our brain can trick us into falsely remembering details of our past experiences.

Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate

12. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate

Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.

Common Cognitive Treatments and Therapy

13. Common Cognitive Treatments and Therapy

How do you treat someone who thinks or acts in a negative way? In this lesson, we'll look at what cognitive behavioral therapy is and the six phases in CBT.

Assessing the Cognitive Model in Psychology: Strengths and Weaknesses

14. Assessing the Cognitive Model in Psychology: Strengths and Weaknesses

The cognitive model of abnormality blames a person's thoughts for their psychological problems. But what makes it better than other psychological models? In this lesson, we'll look at the strengths and limitations of the cognitive model.

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