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Ch 14: The Development of Christianity

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to explore the creation of the early Christian Church and the people who played vital roles in shaping the religion. The quizzes that follow each lesson in this chapter can help you gauge how well you understand Christianity's development.

The Development of Christianity - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

From the establishment of the Christian belief system to the persecution of Christians, this chapter traces the development and history of early Christianity. As one the largest world religions, the events and struggles involving the early Christian Church had a lasting impact on society and culture. This chapter explores the historical significance of these happenings and also delves into the expression of faith through art. By viewing these lessons, you'll get the facts on topics like:

  • How the early Christian Church was connected to Judaism
  • How Jews and Christians fared in the Roman Empire
  • Who the early Christian church fathers were
  • Why Christians were persecuted
  • What characteristics and symbols were used in early Christian architecture and art

VideoObjective
The Gospels: The Life of ChristLearn about the life of Jesus Christ and the Christian beliefs in His crucifixion and resurrection.
The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to JudaismDiscover the Jewish roots that played a role in establishing the early Christian church.
Judaism and Christianity in the Roman EmpireExplore how Jews and Christians responded to Roman persecution.
Paul and the Early Church FathersFind out about the lives and faith of the Apostle Paul and the 12 disciples of Jesus Christ.
Stephen and Christian PersecutionLearn about the martyrdom of Stephen and how early Christians were persecuted by both Jewish leaders and the Roman Empire.
The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of ChristianityExamine how Constantine's conversion impacted both Christianity and politics.
Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & SymbolismSee what kinds of symbols were incorporated in early Christian artworks.
Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & CharacteristicsDiscover the styles and elements that defined early Christian architecture.
St. Augustine's City of GodLearn about St. Augustine and the impact of his work City of God on Christianity.

8 Lessons in Chapter 14: The Development of Christianity
The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism

1. The Early Christian Church and Its Ties to Judaism

This lesson will explore the early Christian Church and its close connection to Judaism. It will highlight the similarities of these two faiths in reference to the Holy Scriptures while also exploring their disagreement over the person of Jesus Christ.

The Gospels: The Life of Christ

2. The Gospels: The Life of Christ

This lesson will be a brief exploration of the life of Christ. It will highlight His virgin birth, public ministry, the reasons for His crucifixion, His resurrection and the Christian message that Christ offered salvation to all who believe in His name.

Paul and the Early Church Fathers

3. Paul and the Early Church Fathers

This lesson will identify the earliest Church Fathers as the 12 disciples and the Apostle Paul. In doing this, it will highlight the persecution of the Christian Church as well as the conversion of Saul, known to history as Paul.

St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire

4. St. Stephen & Christians in the Roman Empire

For much of the early history of Christianity, worship was heavily persecuted. In this lesson, we look at the beginning of that persecution with Saint Stephen, as well as the changing relationship between Rome and the Church.

The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

5. The Conversion of Constantine and the Ascent of Christianity

This lesson will explain the conversion of Constantine and the ascent of Christianity. In doing this, it will highlight the Edict of Milan and the famous Council of Nicaea.

Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism

6. Early Christian Art: History, Characteristics & Symbolism

This lesson covers the development of early Christian art. We begin in the catacombs of Rome, looking at early Christian frescoes. We then move to later sarcophagi. A brief survey of early Christian mosaics follows, and we close with the fine art of illuminated manuscripts.

Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics

7. Early Christian Architecture: Examples, History & Characteristics

Christianity managed to exist for hundreds of years before becoming the official religion of Rome. In this lesson, we'll take a look at the early architecture of the Christian church.

St. Augustine's City of God

8. St. Augustine's City of God

This lesson explores the life of St. Augustine and one his most famous works, The City of God. As we explore this work, we'll highlight Rome's disdain for the Christian faith and Augustine's argument against Rome's religious position.

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