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Ch 30: The European Renaissance

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to explore the causes as well as the political, economic, social and cultural effects of the European Renaissance. Take quizzes that follow each lesson to determine your understanding of this immensely significant period in world history.

The European Renaissance - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

The European Renaissance was a time of rebirth. More specifically, it was a period that saw the reemergence of classical knowledge as well as a respect for individualism. Starting out in Italy and later spreading northward, the Renaissance had a considerable impact on European society and culture, which is the focus of this chapter. You'll learn about topics such as:

  • Why Italy was the ideal place for the Renaissance to begin
  • What humanism is and its impact on individuals
  • What characteristics distinguish Renaissance art
  • How the Renaissance spread to northern Europe
  • How banking impacted the Renaissance economy
  • What factors contributed to the development of modern nation states
  • What caused England's Wars of the Roses

VideoObjective
The Renaissance Timeline: Events OverviewExplore the historical events that coincided with the European Renaissance.
The Italian Renaissance and Italy's TransformationSee what factors contributed to Italy being the place of origin for the Renaissance.
Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the IndividualLearn what humanism is and how it supported individualism.
Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & ArchitectureDiscover major Renaissance artists and the characteristics that defined their work.
The Northern RenaissanceExamine how the Northern Renaissance differed from the Italian Renaissance.
The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and HusLearn how John Wycliffe and Jan Hus challenged the authority of the Church.
The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of BankingExplore the rise of banking and the middle class during the Renaissance.
The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking FamilyFind out about the Italian Medici family and their rise to prominence.
The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the AristocracySee how the monarchs used parliaments to strengthen their authority.
The Formation of Modern Nation StatesTrace feudalism's decline and the creation of modern nation states.
Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey ChaucerLearn about the themes in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales.
France and Valois at the End of the 100 Years WarTake a look at the changes France and the monarchy experienced by the end of the 100 Years War.
England's Wars of the RosesSee what caused the Wars of the Roses in England.
England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the RosesLearn about the Tudor Dynasty and how its monarchs made lasting impacts on England.

14 Lessons in Chapter 30: The European Renaissance
The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview

1. The Renaissance Timeline: Events Overview

In this lesson, we will build an outline of the historical events which flow together to form the time periods of the Renaissance, Reformation, Age of Discovery, and the Elizabethan era.

The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation

2. The Italian Renaissance and Italy's Transformation

This lesson will discuss the three main reasons why Italy transformed from a group of competing city-states to the home of the birth of the Renaissance.

Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual

3. Humanism in the Renaissance: Recognizing the Beauty of the Individual

In this lesson, we will be discussing how humanism changed the idea of the individual from something sinful and controlled by the Church into something of great beauty and worth.

Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture

4. Renaissance Art: Artists, Paintings, Sculptures & Architecture

In this lesson, we will be discussing Renaissance art, focusing primarily on paintings, sculptures, and architecture. We will also be learning how humanism affected the art of this time period.

The Northern Renaissance

5. The Northern Renaissance

This lesson will focus on the Northern Renaissance. It will contrast the Renaissance of the North with the Italian Renaissance, exploring these differences in the areas of art, politics, and religion.

The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus

6. The Renaissance Heresies of Wycliffe and Hus

This lesson will focus on the Renaissance teachings of John Wycliffe and Jan Hus. It will highlight their challenges to church authority, membership and traditions.

The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking

7. The Renaissance Economy: The Rise of Banking

In this lesson, we will discuss the rise of banking and the Renaissance economy. We will highlight the Medici family and the rise of the middle class.

The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family

8. The House of Medici: Rise and Fall of a Banking Family

This lesson will focus on the Medici family of Florence, Italy. It will explain their rise to power through banking. It will also highlight their influence on the Renaissance era and how they gained influence without violence.

The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy

9. The Birth of Parliament: Monarchs vs. the Aristocracy

This lesson will focus on the rise of monarchies during the Renaissance, highlighting the interactions of these monarchies with the church and the aristocracy.

The Formation of Modern Nation States

10. The Formation of Modern Nation States

This lesson explains the formation of the modern nation-states. It will highlight how the decline of feudalism, as well as the decline in church power, helped bring about the modern nation-state. It will also feature several monarchs who ruled during these times.

Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

11. Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer

This lesson analyzes Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, an early classic of English literature. In it we will highlight Chaucer's criticism of social rank, the position of women, and Church corruption.

France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years War

12. France and the Valois at the End of the 100 Years War

This lesson focuses on France at the end of The Hundred Years War. It will examine the changes to France in the areas of military tactics, feudalism, and its monarchies. It will also highlight the French monarchs of the time period.

England's Wars of the Roses

13. England's Wars of the Roses

This lesson will focus on England's Wars of the Roses. It will highlight the key figures from both the Houses of York and Lancaster. It will also identify the importance of the divine right of kings.

England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses

14. England and the Tudors at the End of the Wars of the Roses

This lesson will focus on the Tudor Dynasty, which came to power after England's Wars of the Roses. It will focus on the contributions of the five Tudor monarchs in the areas of government, religion, economic and the arts.

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