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Ch 8: The Medieval Warm Period

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons and learn about the historical era known as the Medieval Warm Period. Take the quizzes that follow each lesson to test your knowledge of the Medieval Warm Period.

The Medieval Warm Period

This chapter focuses on a historical period referred to as the Medieval Warm Period. Topics covered in these lessons include the development of new technologies, Romanesque art and architecture, the power structure of the Catholic Church of the time, and French and English political dynasties. By the end of the course, you should be familiar with topics and people like:

  • Henry II of England
  • Schisms between Eastern and Western Churches
  • William the Conqueror
  • The major Crusades
  • Thomas Becket

VideoObjective
The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural TechnologiesHow climate shifts combined with new agricultural technologies allowed for new developments in the West.
The Eastern and Western Churches SplitThe break between the Eastern and Western churches.
William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark AgesAnglo-Saxons vs Normans: How this plays out and how it influences the English Language and English politics.
The Roman Catholic ClergyA look at the hierarchical structure of the Catholic Church from the Pope to the village priest.
The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized ChurchThe first major conflict between rulers and the centralized church.
The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and DecisionsA brief summary of the 4 Lateran Councils and their decisions.
Henry II of England and Phillip Augustus of FranceA history starting from these two and running through the end of their respective dynasties.
Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & ArchitectureExplore how these elements of the time period impacted the nature of Romanesque creativity
The Great Crusades: History & TimelineA chronological recount of the major Crusades
Lasting Influence of the CrusadesThe accomplishments and failures of the Crusades along with their lasting impact on the West.
The Reemergence of Towns and CommerceHow all these features combine to make towns and cities possible again.

11 Lessons in Chapter 8: The Medieval Warm Period
The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies

1. The Medieval Warm Period and New Agricultural Technologies

In this lesson, we explore the factors that brought about Europe's Medieval Agricultural Revolution. We look at the climate of Europe and the key agricultural technologies and techniques that revolutionized agriculture: the heavy plow, the horse collar & the three field crop rotation system.

The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches

2. The Great Schism Between the East and Western Churches

This lesson will define and explain the Great Schism, which led to the formation of Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. In doing so, it will highlight the political and cultural factors that led to the the great divide.

William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages

3. William the Conqueror & Politics and Art in the Dark Ages

This lesson will explore the life and deeds of William the Conqueror. In exploring the political backdrop of the Dark Ages, it will highlight the Battle of Hastings, the Bayeux Tapestry, and the Domesday Book.

The Roman Catholic Clergy

4. The Roman Catholic Clergy

This lesson will list and describe the different members of the Medieval clergy. Beginning at the lower levels and ending with the Pope, it will outline the duties of each office.

The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church

5. The Investiture Conflict: Rulers vs. the Centralized Church

This lesson will explore the Investiture Conflict of the 11th and 12th centuries. In doing so, it will highlight the roles of Pope Gregory VII and Henry IV. It will also explain the Concordat of Worms.

The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and Decisions

6. The 4 Lateran Councils: The Rules and Decisions

This lesson will discuss the Four Lateran Councils held between the years 1123 and 1215 CE. In doing so, it will explore and highlight the main themes and decisions of each.

Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France

7. Henry II of England and Philip Augustus of France

This lesson will explore the reigns of the Angevin Plantagenet kings of England, Henry II, Richard I, and John. It will also highlight their dealings with Philip Augustus of France.

Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture

8. Social & Economic Influences on Romanesque Art & Architecture

The Romanesque style developed at a time when there were many changes going on. Learn how influences such as growing economies, larger populations, and political stability helped shape Romanesque art and architecture.

The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

9. The Great Crusades: History and Timeline

This lesson examines the utter failure of the later crusades. We look at some of the factors that led to this failure. We then have a glimpse at each of the major crusades abroad, as well as the political and heretical crusades in Europe.

Results and Impact of the Crusades

10. Results and Impact of the Crusades

This lesson explores the results and impact of the Crusades. We examine the social impact, the political impact and the economic impact of three centuries of crusading.

The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce

11. The Reemergence of Towns and Commerce

This lesson explores the urban revolution of the 12th century. We will examine the causes, especially the resurgence of trade, and then look at the various factors that made the revolution possible. Finally, we will discuss the impact of this revolution on Medieval Europe.

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