About This Chapter
The Middle East Since WWII - Chapter Summary
If you need to improve your understanding of Middle Eastern history since World War II, then this chapter is for you. Our expert history instructors will break down a variety of topics from modern Middle Eastern history, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the creation of Israel and OPEC's oil embargo. By the end of the chapter, you'll be equipped to:
- Summarize the history of the Middle East from 1945 to the present
- Assess the impact of OPEC's oil embargo during the 1970s
- Contextualize the issues of Zionism, anti-Semitism and Palestinian nationalism in regards to Arab-Israeli conflicts
- Recognize conflicts that resulted due to the creation of Israel in 1948
- Evaluate the Arab-Israeli War of 1948, the Iranian hostage crisis of 1979 and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict from 1973-1993
- Understand the purpose of OPEC
Each video lesson comes with an interactive video timeline that allows you to jump to specific historical terms and concepts. Lesson transcripts are available to print, and our instructors are available to answer your Middle Eastern history questions. We've also included lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to help you reinforce your understanding of the chapter material.
1. Overview of the Middle East: 1945-Present
The Middle East has undergone considerable changes since 1945. From 'mandate' territories to areas of great geopolitical interest, few aspects of modern life are untouched by the events of this region.
2. Conflict in the Middle East: OPEC's 1970s Oil Embargo & Its Impact
The 1970s represented a period of economic distress in the United States. Learn about one of the major factors, the 1973 oil embargo by OPEC, and its devastating impact on the American economy in this video lesson.
3. Anti-Semitism, Zionism & Palestinian Nationalism in the Arab-Israeli Conflicts
The modern Arab-Israeli conflicts started with the British Mandate of Palestine, following World War I, but the roots of the struggle are 3,000 years old. This lesson traces the origins of the land of Israel, and both the Muslim and Jewish people.
4. The Creation of Israel in 1948: Timeline & Resulting Conflicts
In this lesson, we explore the movements and political developments that led to the creation of the state of Israel and the subsequent backlash from the Arab world.
5. Israeli Statehood and the Arab-Israeli War of 1948
For centuries, the population of the land known today as Israel barely changed. But in the late 1800s, waves of immigrants poured in, fighting for the right to control the territory. The modern state of Israel was created in 1948.
6. The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: 1973-1993
After a failed 1973 attempt to reclaim land won by Israel in the Six-Day War, independent groups, such as the PLO, Fatah and Hezbollah, have promoted Palestinian goals. The first Intifada in the West Bank and Gaza was ended by the Oslo Accords.
7. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC): History & Purpose
Oil is an indispensable and scarce commodity required for energy and modern products. A world without it would look drastically different. In this lesson, you'll learn about the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, including its history and purpose.
8. Iran Hostage Crisis: Summary, Timeline & Facts
The Iran Hostage Crisis lasted more than a year and greatly affected U.S. involvement in the Middle East. Learn more about how this important historical event unfolded and how it defined one president's legacy.
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