About This Chapter
The Periodic Table - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The periodic table is something most people are at least familiar with. While not everyone knows how to read the chart or interpret the data that it shows, most people do know that it shows the elements and their symbols. You wouldn't be here, though, if you were only interested in a simple definition. No problem! We have some quick and engaging video lessons that will teach you the essentials about the periodic table. You can also ask our instructors if you have any questions about the lessons. In this chapter, you'll study:
- Why the periodic table is arranged as it is
- What relationships are shown by diagonal proximity
- How valence electrons and energy levels determine location on the table
- What ionization energy is
- How transition metals differ from main group metals
|The Periodic Table: Properties of Groups and Periods||Learn how the periodic table is arranged and why.|
|Valence Electrons and Energy Levels of Atoms of Elements||Examine the relationship between an element's location on the table and the number of valence electrons and energy levels in one of its atoms.|
|Atomic and Ionic Radii: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table||Explain what atomic radii are and the trends in the table.|
|Ionization Energy: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table||Show trends in ionization energy along the periodic table.|
|Electronegativity: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table||Explore electronegativity and periodic trends.|
|The Diagonal Relationship, Metallic Character, and Boiling Point||Look at various types of relationships, including boiling point trends and metallic properties.|
|Transition Metals vs. Main Group Elements: Properties and Differences||Define and examine main group elements and transition metals.|
1. The Periodic Table: Properties of Groups and Periods
How is the periodic table like the map you used on your last road trip? In this lesson, you will be introduced to the periodic table, the road map of chemists. We will discuss how the elements are organized and how you can use this organization to identify some of their major physical properties.
2. Valence Electrons and Energy Levels of Atoms of Elements
The periodic table contains a wealth of information. This lesson will explain how to use it to quickly determine the most useful information about the most important electrons. We will be focusing our discussion on valence electrons and energy levels.
3. Atomic and Ionic Radii: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table
Atoms are VERY tiny. How do we measure their size? This lesson will explain how the size of an atom is measured and teach you how to predict the relative size of an atom based on where it is located on the periodic table.
4. Ionization Energy: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table
Do you know someone who has undergone radiation as a form of cancer treatment? Have you ever thought about why X-rays have health risks? Watch the video to find out what these types of radiation are really doing to atoms, define ionization energy and identify ionization trends on the periodic table.
5. Electronegativity: Trends Among Groups and Periods of the Periodic Table
How is fluorine like a child that doesn't share his or her toys? Find out in this video on electronegativity where we will discuss group and periodic trends among the elements.
6. The Diagonal Relationship, Metallic Character, and Boiling Point
What may have once seemed like a bunch of random squares with letters in them is now shaping up to be one very organized chemistry reference. In this lesson you will discover three other trends that are found on the periodic table: the diagonal relationship, trends in metallic character, and trends in boiling point.
7. Transition Metals vs. Main Group Elements: Properties and Differences
Which is better: to be steadfast and consistent or to be a colorful chameleon? This lesson compares and contrasts the main group elements and the transition metals. Then make your own decision!
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Chemistry 101: General Chemistry course