About This Chapter
Who's it for?
Anyone who needs help understanding middle school U.S. history material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:
- Have fallen behind in understanding the causes and effects of the French and Indian War or the battles at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill as the American Revolution begins.
- Need an efficient way to learn about the Revolutionary War.
- Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
- Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
- Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
- Missed class time and need to catch up.
- Can't access extra history resources at school.
How it works:
- Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
- Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
- Verify you're ready by completing The Revolutionary War chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
- Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
- Be Ready on Test Day: Use The Revolutionary War chapter exam to be prepared.
- Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
- Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.
Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How did the American Enlightenment affect intellectual and social life in America?
- Who were the Sons of Liberty?
- Why did the Declaratory and Townshend Acts lead to the Boston Massacre?
- How did the British respond to the Boston Tea Party?
- What role did the Second Continental Congress play in the independence movement?
- What were the guiding principles behind the Declaration of Independence?
- How did George Washington show leadership at Saratoga, Trenton and Valley Forge?
- What effects did the American Revolution have on the colonial economy and society?
1. The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution
For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule.
2. The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence
While the Enlightenment was shaping the minds of 18th-century colonists, another movement, the First Great Awakening, was shaping their hearts. With freedom of conscience at its core, the Awakening led Americans to break with religious traditions and seek out their own beliefs while sharing common values.
3. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary
In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.
4. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule
In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.
5. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts
After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.
6. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress
Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.
7. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins
Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.
8. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense
1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?
9. The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy
After 12 years of tension and fighting, the colonists and their leaders were ready to declare themselves a new country, independent of Great Britain. This lesson examines the motives, the text, and the legacy of America's Declaration of Independence.
10. British Loyalists vs. American Patriots During the American Revolution
In this lesson, learn about the difficult decisions faced by individuals as the American Revolution erupted. Would you have been a Loyalist or a Patriot? Are you sure about that?
11. George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge
After a series of setbacks in 1776, George Washington's leadership of the Continental Army helped America turn the tide of the war in three pivotal locations, prompting France to recognize the United States as a nation and an ally.
12. John Paul Jones and the Naval Battles of the Revolutionary War
Naval battles in the American Revolution are something of a lost chapter in history. Find out about the world's first military submarine, the privateers of the Continental Navy, and the helpful actions of three foreign allies at sea.
13. Loyalists in the Southern Colonies at the End of the Revolutionary War
After surrendering their northern army in the American Revolution, British leaders looked to the Southern Strategy. General Charles Cornwallis hoped that loyalist forces would hold territory so he could sweep north and end the war in Virginia.
14. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris
After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.
15. American Revolution: Social and Economic Impact
Learn about the impact of the Revolutionary War throughout the world, especially on various segments of American society. We'll look at political, social, and economic impacts.
16. The Second Great Awakening: Charles Finney and Religious Revival
The spirit of the Revolution led to changes in American churches in the post-war years. Beginning with a boom in evangelism and missionary work, the Second Great Awakening soon led to social reform, an intertwining of religious values with civic values, and a lasting emphasis on morality in daily life.
17. Nathan Hale: Quote, Biography & Facts
We have all heard of our Founding Fathers, but what about the men and women that helped them? What about the people responsible for winning the war through blood and determination? Let us investigate one of them, Nathan Hale.
18. Famous & Important Women in the Revolutionary War
Women were not officially allowed into the military until the 1900s, but even in the American Revolutionary War in the 1770s and 1780s, women still had a big impact on the actual war effort. Learn more about some of these famous and important women!
19. The Liberty Bell: Facts & History
What is the Liberty Bell? Where did it come from? What is its historical significance? In this lesson, we will answer these questions and more regarding the Liberty Bell, a symbol of American patriotism.
20. The Battle of Cowpens: Summary & Facts
In early 1781, the American troops were exhausted. Thanks to the efforts of Brigadier General Daniel Morgan, the Patriots won an astounding victory at the Battle of Cowpens that boosted American morale.
21. Battle of the Coral Sea: Facts & Summary
The Battle of the Coral Sea was a unique seafaring battle between the Allies and Japan during World War II. In this lesson, discover the order of this important skirmish and its role in WWII.
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Other chapters within the Middle School US History: Help and Review course
- First Contacts in the Americas: Help and Review
- Settling North America & the Colonies: Help and Review
- The Making of a Nation after the American Revolution: Help and Review
- Virginia Dynasty: Help and Review
- The Jacksonian Democracy: Help and Review
- Everyday Life in Antebellum America: Help and Review
- Manifest Destiny & American Expansion: Help and Review
- Buildup to the American Civil War: Help and Review
- The American Civil War: Help and Review
- After the Civil War - Reconstruction: Help and Review
- American Industrialization of the Late 19th Century: Help and Review
- The Progressive Era of the Early 20th Century: Help and Review
- American Imperialism & World War l: Help and Review
- 1920s America: Help and Review
- America and the Great Depression: Help and Review
- America and the Second World War: Help and Review
- Post-War and the Cold War: Help and Review
- Civil Rights Movements in America: Help and Review
- America in the 1970s: Help and Review
- America in the 1980s: Help and Review
- America from 1992 to the Present: Help and Review