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Ch 5: The Roaring 20s (1920-1929)

About This Chapter

Watch U.S. history video lessons with accompanying quizzes for self-reflection. Learn about the different aspects of life, politics and social values during the 1920s in America.

The Roaring 20s (1920-1929) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

When you think of the 'Roaring 20s,' do flappers, big band music and the Charleston immediately come to mind? You probably aren't alone if they do, and there is a reason why this period earned the nickname 'roaring.' People were enjoying life and living it up with new dance crazes and wild parties. The economy was doing great, and people were taking advantage of it. However, this change in the cultural atmosphere didn't sit well with everyone. The demand for the banning of alcohol led to it becoming illegal in the U.S. In addition, not everyone was partying. There were many racial tensions and crime problems during this era, too. This chapter will cover all of this and more including:

  • Consumerism
  • The Teapot Dome Scandal
  • Organized crime
  • The Harlem Renaissance
  • The Ku Klux Klan

VideoObjective
1920s American Culture: City Life & Values Take a look at the values and daily life in the 1920s.
American Economy in the 1920s: Consumerism, Stock Market & Economic Shift Find out about the economic conditions in the U.S. during the 20s, including farming, the stock market and consumerism.
American Politics in the 1920s: Transition, Corruption & the Teapot Dome Scandal Learn about the transition back to conservative politics and corruption in Washington, including the Teapot Dome Scandal.
Prohibition of the 1920s: Definition, 18th Amendment & Results Study the banning of alcohol in the United States with the passage of the 18th Amendment.
American Organized Crime of the 1920s Discover how organized crime developed in the 1920s and involved bootlegging, the influence of Al Capone and the St. Valentine's Day Massacre.
American Art, Pop Culture & Literature of the 1920s Examine entertainment, pop culture and counter culture during the 1920s.
Art and Culture of the Harlem Renaissance: Artists, Poets, Authors & Music Explore the important artistic and cultural developments of African Americans in the 1920s.
The Ku Klux Klan, Eugenics and Nativism: Definition, Movement & Social Reactions Look at the social reactions towards immigration and demographic and social changes during the 20s.
The Red Scare of the 1920s: Definition, Summary & Causes Discover the backlash against socialism, communism and anarchism.
The Scopes Trial and Scottsboro Trials: Summaries & Significance Learn about the conflicting cultural values existing during this era.

10 Lessons in Chapter 5: The Roaring 20s (1920-1929)
1920s American Culture: City Life & Values

1. 1920s American Culture: City Life & Values

The 1920s was a time of enormous cultural change. In this lesson, we will examine urban culture during the 1920s. We will compare urban values with those of rural locations and see how urban culture became a symbol of the decade as a whole.

American Economy in the 1920s: Consumerism, Stock Market & Economic Shift

2. American Economy in the 1920s: Consumerism, Stock Market & Economic Shift

In this lesson we will learn about the American economy throughout the 1920s. We will explore the role of consumerism and the stock market during this time, and we will learn how the prosperity of the decade came to a crashing halt.

American Politics in the 1920s: Transition, Corruption & the Teapot Dome Scandal

3. American Politics in the 1920s: Transition, Corruption & the Teapot Dome Scandal

Americans looked forward to the start of a new decade in 1920. They also looked for a president that would ease their fears and return the nation to 'normal,' but big business and corruption would come to symbolize politics of the decade.

Prohibition of the 1920s: Definition, 18th Amendment & Results

4. Prohibition of the 1920s: Definition, 18th Amendment & Results

The 18th Amendment outlawed all alcohol in the United States. The prohibition era defined a decade and the people of a modernizing America. In this lesson, develop an understanding of prohibition and the 18th Amendment.

American Organized Crime of the 1920s

5. American Organized Crime of the 1920s

In this lesson, we will learn about American organized crime during the 1920s. We will explore what brought about increased organized crime during this time, and we will identify the key figures and events associated with this theme.

American Art, Pop Culture & Literature of the 1920s

6. American Art, Pop Culture & Literature of the 1920s

In this lesson, we will examine the art, literature and popular culture associated with the 1920s. We will identify several key terms and figures related to the culture of the period, and understand them in historical context.

Art and Culture of the Harlem Renaissance: Artists, Poets, Authors & Music

7. Art and Culture of the Harlem Renaissance: Artists, Poets, Authors & Music

In this lesson, we will learn about an artistic and intellectual movement called the Harlem Renaissance. We will identify the major figures associated with the movement and identify their contributions.

The Ku Klux Klan, Eugenics and Nativism: Definition, Movement & Social Reactions

8. The Ku Klux Klan, Eugenics and Nativism: Definition, Movement & Social Reactions

The decade of the 1920s saw older, traditional values of American society challenged by the rapidly changing Modern Age. Elements of the nation reacted to such change with fear. Develop an understanding of the reborn Ku Klux Klan, the eugenics movement and nativist sentiments of the 1920s.

The Red Scare of the 1920s: Definition, Summary & Causes

9. The Red Scare of the 1920s: Definition, Summary & Causes

The Red Scare of the early 1920s would not be the last. During this time, post-WWI America felt vulnerable and turned its fear on a perceived leftist or 'Red' threat. This lesson will help you to develop an understanding of the Red Scare of the 1920s.

The Scopes Trial and Scottsboro Trials: Summaries & Significance

10. The Scopes Trial and Scottsboro Trials: Summaries & Significance

In this lesson, we will examine two important legal cases: the Scopes 'Monkey' Trial and the Scottsboro Trials. We will highlight the events surrounding the cases, and explore the impact they had on American society.

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