About This Chapter
The Solar System: Components & Characteristics - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Get an in-depth look at our sun and the planets that orbit it in this series of video lessons. This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the inner and outer planets, discussed according to their similarities. Find out more about the terrestrial, atmospheric, and satellite features that characterize individual planets, too. You'll also learn about the processes that brought about the existence of planets and their moons, comets, and more. At the end of the chapter, you'll know:
- The difference between the inner and outer planets
- How planetary evolution works
- Distinctive characteristics of planets according to their rotation, orbit, and satellites
- Key concepts related to far outer planets and planets in other solar systems
|Comparing Outer and Inner Planets||Understand how the outer planets differ from the inner planets in size, mass, density, and more.|
|Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars||Describe the distinguishing characteristics of the inner planets.|
|Phases of Terrestrial Evolution||Identify and describe the phases of evolution as they apply to terrestrial planets.|
|Geological Processes That Shape Planetary Surfaces||Identify and describe the geological processes that mark terrestrial planets.|
|Surface & Atmospheric Evolution of Terrestrial Planets||Describe surface and atmospheric changes on Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars.|
|Formation of the Earth: Theories||Learn about the theories of how Earth was formed, including the Big Bang theory.|
|Earth's Rotation & Orbit||Explain major concepts related to how and why the Earth rotates and orbits the Sun.|
|Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune||Describe the common and distinguishing characteristics of the outer planets.|
|Jupiter's Moons and Atmosphere||Learn about the characteristics of Jupiter's atmosphere and its moons.|
|Saturn's Rings, Moons, & Atmosphere||Describe these unique properties of Saturn.|
|Uranus' Moons, Rings, Atmosphere & Rotation||Learn about the distinctive features of this planet.|
|Neptune's Orbit, Moons, Rings & Atmosphere||Find out what sets apart Neptune's movement, rings, and atmosphere.|
|How Planetary Mass and the Distance of the Sun Affect Jovian Planet Formation||Understand how certain criteria contributed to the formation of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune|
|Moons of the Jovian Planets||Distinguish among the moons that orbit Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune|
|The Formation of Jovian Satellites||Learn about the asteroids, comets and similar bodies associated with Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.|
|Asteroids, Meteorites & Comets: Definitions and Characteristics||Describe the common characteristics of these satellites.|
|The Formation of Shooting Stars||Understand what a 'shooting star' really is and its life cycle.|
|Tidal Forces & Heat Transfer on Jovian Planets||Describe how tidal forces can create a hospitable environment for life on Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.|
|Dwarf Planets of the Solar System: Pluto, Eris, Haumea & Ceres||Identify and describe these outermost bodies.|
|Planets and Other Solar Systems||Define planet forming disks, microlensing, and related concepts.|
1. Inner Planets of the Solar System: Mercury, Venus, Earth & Mars
Take a tour of the four inner planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. Known as the terrestrial planets, find out what makes each of them unique and how they are different from the outer planets, the gas giants.
2. Outer Planets of the Solar System: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
Take a tour of the outer planets of our solar system: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Find out what makes each of these gas giants unique and learn about Pluto, a dwarf planet.
3. Jupiter's Important Properties
This lesson will go over the basic but important concepts related to Jupiter's interior, atmosphere, moons, and ring. You'll learn whether Jupiter is mainly a gaseous, liquid, or rocky planet!
4. Saturn's Major Characteristics
This lesson will describe for you what Saturn is made of, how it compares to the Earth and Jupiter, and some interesting things about its rings and moon.
5. Belt-Zone Circulation on Jovian Planets
This lesson explores the concept of belt-zone circulation in the Jovian planets of our solar system as well as why it occurs and what the differences between bands and zones are. A short quiz follows after the video.
6. Jupiter's & Saturn's Magnetospheres
This lesson will compare and contrast the magnetospheres of Jupiter, Saturn, and Earth. You'll learn how they're similar and what major difference exists between them.
7. Uranus's Moons, Rings, Atmosphere & Rotation
This lesson will explore the planet Uranus, its atmosphere, internal layers, rings, moons, and much more. You'll learn why Uranus has such an interesting color and why it doesn't have the cool clouds Jupiter has.
8. Neptune's Moons, Rings, Atmosphere & Temperature
This lesson will go over the major components of Neptune's atmosphere, interior, color, and why it is as warm as Uranus despite being farther away from the Sun.
9. Planetary Geology: The Study of Celestial Bodies
Planetary geology is a field of geology that explores celestial bodies like planets, moons, comets, and asteroids. Scientists use a variety of advanced techniques and procedures to carry out their research on these distant bodies.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Basics of Astronomy course
- Celestial Navigation & Timekeeping
- Earth's Spheres and Astronomy
- Galaxies: Properties & Characteristics
- How Scientists Think and Work
- Influences on Climate
- Life in the Universe
- Light in Astronomy
- Matter in Astronomy
- Measurement of Star Qualities
- Momentum, Energy, Pressure, Temperature & Gas
- Newton's Laws in Astronomy
- Relativity in Time and Space
- Rotational Motion in Physics
- Small Celestial Bodies & Satellites in Our Solar System
- Star Death and Stellar Remnants
- Star Types and Significance
- The Atmosphere on Earth and Other Planets
- The Birth and Life of Stars
- The Earth, Sky, and Moon
- The History of Astronomy
- The Milky Way Galaxy
- The Moon: Formation & Phases
- The Orbits of Celestial Bodies
- The Solar System: Layout, Formation & Dating
- The Sun's Structure & Components
- The Universe: Key Concepts & Theories