About This Chapter
Theories of Individual Social Development - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Human development is a complex process that's been picked apart and debated by some of the best minds of all time. This chapter will introduce you to some of these important figures and their research. Once you've watched these brief video lessons, you should be able to do the following:
- Discuss Sigmund Freud's theory about the interaction of our unconscious and conscious minds.
- Differentiate among Jean Piaget's four stages of cognitive development.
- Compare and contrast Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan's theories on moral development.
- Explain Erik Erikson's eight stages of identity formation.
|Id, Ego and Superego||Describe the basic tenets of Freudian theory on socialization, including the id, ego and superego.|
|Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development||Explain Piaget's stages of cognitive development, including sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. Discuss each stage in terms of socialization.|
|Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development||Discuss Kohlberg's stages of moral development, including preconventional, conventional and postconventional. Explore each stage in terms of socialization.|
|Carol Gilligan: Moral Development and Gender Differences||Examine Kohlberg's theory of moral development and Gilligan's critique of Kohlberg, including her focus on gender differences.|
|George Herbert Mead: The Self, 'Me' & 'I'||Discuss Mead's theory of the 'looking glass self' and the distinction between 'me' and 'I.'|
|Erikson's Stages of Identify Formation||Explain Erikson's stages of identity development in terms of socialization.|
1. Id, Ego and Superego
Do you know who or what is behind the metaphorical angel and devil sitting on your shoulders, debating whether you should get up for a jog or hit the snooze button again? This lesson examines this type of internal debate by addressing Freud's work on the different sides of our conscious and unconscious selves - the id, the ego and the superego.
2. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
3. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
4. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
5. George Herbert Mead: The Self, ''Me'' & ''I''
How does one define self? This lesson will help answer that question by exploring the theory of self, differentiating between the concepts of 'me' and 'I' and describing the concept of looking-glass self.
6. Erikson's Stages of Identity Formation
How do we form identities as we age and grow? To answer this question, Erik Erikson came up with eight stages of identity formation that revolve around conflict and resolution. Who are you, and who will you become after completing this lesson?
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Other chapters within the Sociology 101: Intro to Sociology course
- Introduction to Sociology: The Basics
- Key Sociology Theorists
- Sociology Research Methods
- Foundations of Society
- Social Groups & Organizations
- Diversity in Society
- Sex and Gender in Society
- Race and Ethnicity in Society
- Aging in Society
- Economics and Politics
- Social Institutions
- Social Change Over Time
- Studying for Sociology 101