Login
Copyright

Ch 2: Classical School of Management

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons on theories and ideas related to the classical school of management. Take the quizzes that follow each lesson to test your knowledge of the classical school of management.

Classical School of Management - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

As you learn about classical management theory, you'll be introduced to multiple influential people, such as Fredrick Taylor, Henry Gantt and Chester Barnard. You'll also discover several approaches and theories that make up the classical school of management. By the time you've completed these lessons, you'll be able to do the following:

  • Describe the evolution of Classical Management Theory.
  • Use Gantt charts and bar graphs in planning and controlling.
  • Explain how Henri Fayol's management principles can be applied to departmental organization and staff management.
  • Outline the acceptance theory of management.

VideoObjective
Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): DefinitionProvide an overview of the evolution of Classical Management Theory by describing the condition of industrial organizations and the nature of work performed within those organizations. Classical Management Theory includes bureaucracy, scientific management and administrative management.
Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal ManagementDescribe Max Weber's impersonal management and formalized organization structure approach, also known as the bureaucracy.
Classical Scientific School of ManagementDescribe how the need to increase productivity and efficiency in organizations led to the development of the classical scientific school of management.
Fredrick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & EfficiencyExplore the contributions Fredrick Taylor made to the field of management by studying tasks and incentives to develop fixed procedures to maximize productivity and efficiency.
Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to ManagementDescribe the contributions Henry Gantt made to the field of management by creating visual displays used in planning and controlling, including the Gantt chart and bar graph.
Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion StudyLearn about the contributions this husband-and-wife team made to the field of management, including their famous Motion Study, which provided insight into particular movements that could increase outputs.
Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the OrganizationDiscuss how the need to consider the total organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.
Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task OrganizationExplain principles 1-7 of the 14 principles of management developed by Henri Fayol and how they're used to provide general guidelines for departmental organization and management of staff.
Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker SatisfactionExplain principles 8-14 of the 14 principles of management developed by Henri Fayol and how they're used to provide general guidelines for departmental organization and management of staff.
Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network ManagementDiscuss the people-oriented, group-network approach to management of Mary Park Follett, including the use of common goals and participative decision making and how those practices have shaped contemporary management practices.
Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance TheoryExplore the contributions Chester Barnard made to the field of management, including the development of the information organization and acceptance theory of management.

11 Lessons in Chapter 2: Classical School of Management
Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition

1. Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition

It was the rise of the Industrial Revolution and factories were becoming more common. Inside these factories, managers were constantly look for ways to improve productivity and efficiency. As time moved on, it became apparent that searching for the single best way to do things was the most important thing for managers to do. Thus, classical management theory was born. This lesson will discuss the evolution of classical management theory.

Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management

2. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management

At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.

Classical Scientific School of Management

3. Classical Scientific School of Management

The scientific school of management focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently. This lesson will discuss the development of scientific management and how it is applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.

Fredrick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

4. Fredrick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.

Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to Management

5. Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to Management

This lesson will describe how Henry Gantt revolutionized management practices by providing a graphical representation, also known as the Gantt chart, of work processes that showed scheduling and monitoring projections. Other contributions of Henry Gantt, such as the task and bonus system, will also be discussed.

Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization

6. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization

Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.

Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction

7. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction

In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.

Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion Study

8. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion Study

This lesson describes the contributions this husband-and-wife team made to the field of management, including their famous motion study, which provided insight into particular movements that could increase outputs.

Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization

9. Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization

Even if a business knows what each of their individual workers ought to be doing, there may not be any overarching mission guiding their work. This lesson describes how the need to consider an entire organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.

Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network Management

10. Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network Management

Leaders in today's organizations utilize common goals and participative decision-making to achieve a people-oriented, group network management approach. Mary Parker Follett developed this classical leadership theory during the pre-war 1920s, and it is still relevant in contemporary business.

Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory

11. Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory

Chester Barnard believed that formal organizations are made up of informal groups. These informal groups evolve to become the informal organization. The group's beliefs and values establish the organizational culture and determine, to a large extent, formal acceptance of authority.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 79 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support