Login
Copyright

Ch 6: TOEFL Writing: Grammar and Usage

About This Chapter

Review the rules and methods for proper grammar and usage. Video lessons and quizzes teach you all of the methods for writing essays with appropriate grammar and sentence structure in a concise and clear manner.

Grammar and Usage - Chapter Summary

Learn all the grammar and usage rules you'll need to write an effective essay by viewing engaging video lessons. These lessons are simple, quick and make learning grammar and usage conventions entertaining and easy. Lessons in this chapter cover:

  • Subject-verb agreement
  • Comma usage
  • Sentence clarity
  • Sentence agreement
  • Pronoun usage
  • Active and passive voice
  • Transition sentences

The lessons found in this chapter contain essential grammar rules and usage concepts and are followed by quizzes that gauge your comprehension of these rules and methods. Grammar and usage rules are broken down into short, easily digestible videos to help you quickly understand these concepts.

TOEFL iBT Writing Objectives

The TOEFL iBT exam gauges non-native English speakers' comprehension of the English language and is required to gain admission to English-speaking colleges and universities. The writing portion represents a quarter of the exam. These video lessons teach you all the grammar and usage rules you'll need to write the two essays required in the writing section of the exam. Some of the objectives of these lessons include:

  • Punctuation rules
  • Style, tone and point of view
  • Sentence subject identification
  • Sentence fragments and run-on sentences
  • Idioms and phrasal verbs

On the writing portion of the TOEFL iBT, you'll be asked to write an essay in response to a written and spoken passage. For your second essay, you'll formulate and state your opinion on an issue and then defend your position in writing.

24 Lessons in Chapter 6: TOEFL Writing: Grammar and Usage
How to Write Well: What Makes Writing Good?

1. How to Write Well: What Makes Writing Good?

From great ideas to great execution, learn what makes writing 'good' and how to transform your writing from 'okay' to accomplished through the use of specific examples, great ideas, and organization.

Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

2. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement

Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.

What Are Personal Pronouns?

3. What Are Personal Pronouns?

Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.

Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules

4. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules

Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.

Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods

5. Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods

Periods, colons, and semicolons all have the ability to stop a sentence in its tracks, but for very different purposes. In this lesson, learn how and why we use them in our writing.

How to Write with Idioms or Phrasal Verbs

6. How to Write with Idioms or Phrasal Verbs

In this lesson, you will learn how to identify idioms and phrasal verbs. Once you can recognize these parts of speech, you will be able to use them yourself in your writing.

Sentence Clarity: How to Write Clear Sentences

7. Sentence Clarity: How to Write Clear Sentences

Just because you know a good sentence when you read one doesn't mean that you think it's easy to put one together - forget about writing an essay's worth. Learn how to write clear sentences and turn rough ones into gems.

How to Write With Good Diction to Develop Style, Tone & Point-of-View

8. How to Write With Good Diction to Develop Style, Tone & Point-of-View

Developing a good writing style starts with developing good diction. You can't craft an essay or story the way you want without being able to choose the right words first. Here's how.

How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

9. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence

Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.

What Is Brainstorming?

10. What Is Brainstorming?

You may have been told that it's important to brainstorm before writing an essay. This video explains why it's well worth your time to make brainstorming part of your writing routine.

Techniques for Brainstorming Great Ideas

11. Techniques for Brainstorming Great Ideas

Great essays are made up of great ideas. Finding those great ideas is the first critical step on the road to writing a terrific essay. Learn some popular and effective brainstorming techniques that will work whether you have an hour or two weeks to write your paper.

Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

12. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences

Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.

Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

13. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences

Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.

Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

14. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns

Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.

Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts

15. Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts

Learn more about comma usage from the pros! There are just too many ways to use the comma (it's a basic punctuation mark, after all) to fit in one sentence. Watch here to learn about some of the more common traps students fall into when trying to put commas in the right place.

Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership

16. Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership

A common error occurs whenever a writer uses wording that suggests that a lot of people own or use just one thing, when really they all own or use their own separate things. This video will explain how to identify and fix this type of error.

Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

17. Sentence Structure: Identify and Avoid 'Mixed Structure' Sentences

A mixed structure sentence is a common error that occurs when a writer starts a sentence with one structure but switches to a different structure in the middle of the sentence. This video will teach you how to spot and avoid this type of error.

Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

18. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination

This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.

Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive

19. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive

In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.

How to Write Logical Sentences and Avoid Faulty Comparisons

20. How to Write Logical Sentences and Avoid Faulty Comparisons

Your sentences may not always make as much sense as you think they do, especially if you're comparing two or more things. It's easy to let comparisons become illogical, incomplete, or ambiguous. Learn how to avoid making faulty comparisons on your way to writing a great essay.

What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

21. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?

I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.

Active and Passive Voice

22. Active and Passive Voice

No one likes a passive person, so why should you write in the passive voice? You may have heard your teachers toss around the terms 'passive voice' and 'active voice' You may have even been told not write in the former. But if you've never really understood what it means to write actively or passively, stick with us -- and learn how to turn to cludgy passive sentences into bright, active ones.

How to Write and Use Transition Sentences

23. How to Write and Use Transition Sentences

Like a road map, transitions guide readers through your essay. This lesson examines the way writers transition between sentences, within paragraphs and between paragraphs to make for a smooth reading experience.

Complete Sentence: Examples & Definition

24. Complete Sentence: Examples & Definition

Although it seems simple, writing in complete sentences is a necessity that can trip up even seasoned writers. In this lesson, we will examine how to write in a complete sentence and why it is so important.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Support