Login

Ch 72: Types of Social Groups & Organizations

About This Chapter

Use this chapter's video lessons to refresh your memory of social groups and organizations. Explore the types of groups and organizations as well as their impact on personal interactions and behaviors.

Types of Social Groups & Organizations - Chapter Summary

In this chapter, our short and entertaining video lessons help you retain your knowledge of social groups and organizations. You'll examine the types of social groups and how they affect relationships and decision-making. The lessons also cover different forms of organizational structures in addition to social norms across the lifespan. Once you finish studying all of the chapter's videos, you should be comfortable with:

  • Giving examples of primary, secondary and reference social groups
  • Describing styles of leadership
  • Explaining normative and informational social conformity
  • Recognizing factors that contribute to groupthink
  • Understanding the role of groups in social loafing and social facilitation
  • Discussing the impact of group size on group dynamics
  • Identifying types of formal organization structures
  • Describing how social norms impact infants, children and adults

Our video lessons make learning an engaging and convenient process. Taught by professional instructors, the videos are full of facts, examples and graphics; they're also usually less than 10 minutes long. If you retain information better through reading, we also provide transcripts of our videos. Many times, they include links to other text lessons that provide more details on major terms. Each of our lessons has a self-assessment quiz as well, which you can use to gauge your comprehension of the chapter's concepts and terminology.

8 Lessons in Chapter 72: Types of Social Groups & Organizations
Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups

1. Types of Social Groups: Primary, Secondary and Reference Groups

The study of social groups is a main focus of many sociologists. In this lesson, we define social groups and differentiate between several different types including primary, secondary, and reference groups.

Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic

2. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic

Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.

Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational

3. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational

Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.

Groupthink: Definition & Examples

4. Groupthink: Definition & Examples

Some groups are quick to make decisions to maintain cohesion, but this can be a critical mistake to make. This lesson explains the concept of groupthink using the Challenger explosion as an example.

Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups

5. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups

Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.

Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups

6. Social Groups: Dyad and Triad & In-Groups and Out-Groups

How big are your social groups? How do you decide who to include in those groups? In this lesson, we discuss how group size can affect group dynamics and relationships. We also discuss group membership and differentiate between in-groups and out-groups.

Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive

7. Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive

Our modern society is filled with groups of people that range from small families to giant corporations. In this lesson, we discuss the characteristics that must be present in order for a group to be considered a formal organization. We also discuss the differences between coercive, utilitarian, and normative organizations.

What Are Social Norms? Definition & Examples in Infants, Children & Adults

8. What Are Social Norms? Definition & Examples in Infants, Children & Adults

In this lesson, you will gain an understanding of social norms and define related terms. You will also examine the effects of social norms in infants, children, adolescents, and adults.

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 95 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 2,000 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MCAT Test: Practice and Study Guide course

Support