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Ch 8: Waves, Sound, and Light

About This Chapter

Watch online natural science video lessons and take the quick quizzes to measure your understanding. Learn about the different aspects of waves, sound and light.

Waves, Sound and Light - Lessons and Learning Objectives

Light and sound are a part of our everyday lives. We rely on them in many ways to keep us safe, alert us and entertain us. Do you know how they work, though? Are you aware of the different types of sound and light waves? If you are not quite sure about the answers to those questions, then this chapter is for you. These lessons will discuss the ideas of vibrations and waves. You'll learn about how different wavelengths produce different types of sound and light. Some of the other things you will learn include:

  • The definition of sound
  • The categories in the electromagnetic spectrum
  • Color in light
  • Snell's law
  • The Doppler effect
  • Wave-particle duality

VideoObjective
Vibrations and Waves: Energy and Motion Discover the relationship between vibration, waves, energy and motion.
Wave Parameters: Wavelength, Amplitude, Period, Frequency & Speed Explore wave parameters.
Transverse & Longitudinal Waves: Definition & Examples Examine transverse and longitudinal waves.
What is Sound? Definition and Factors Affecting the Speed of Sound Learn more about what sound is and the speed of sound.
Pitch and Volume in Sound Waves Study the idea of pitch and volume in sound waves.
Electromagnetic Spectrum and Waves: Definition & Categories Find out what the electromagnetic spectrum is and its categories.
The Nature of Light: Origin, Spectrum & Color Frequency Take a look at the nature of light.
Reflection: Definition, Angles of Incidence & Diffuse Reflection Examine what reflection is, and learn more about it.
Resonance: Definition & Transmission of Waves Discover what resonance is.
Transparent and Opaque Materials in Electromagnetic Waves Find out about transparent and opaque materials in electromagnetic waves.
Color: White Light, Reflection & Absorption Study color in relation to light.
Refraction & Dispersion: Definition, Snell's Law & Index of Refraction Learn more about Snell's law and the index of refraction.
Diffraction: Relation to Sound & Light and Effects on Wavelength Examine what diffraction is.
Constructive and Destructive Interference Study these two concepts, along with a deeper look at the definition of a standing wave.
The Doppler Effect: Definition, Examples & Applications Look at the definition, examples and applications of the Doppler effect.
Wave-Particle Duality: Concept, Explanation & Examples Discover wave-particle duality.

18 Lessons in Chapter 8: Waves, Sound, and Light
Vibrations and Waves: Energy and Motion

1. Vibrations and Waves: Energy and Motion

What is a wave? What causes waves, and how do they travel from one place to another? This lesson will guide you through the basics of waves. We'll discuss their origins from vibrations and investigate how they carry energy through a medium.

Wave Parameters: Wavelength, Amplitude, Period, Frequency & Speed

2. Wave Parameters: Wavelength, Amplitude, Period, Frequency & Speed

How do we measure and describe waves? How do waves differ based upon their shapes? This lesson will guide you through the five wave parameters - period, frequency, amplitude, wavelength, and speed - that we use to characterize waves.

Transverse & Longitudinal Waves: Definition & Examples

3. Transverse & Longitudinal Waves: Definition & Examples

What comes to mind when you think of a wave? Chances are your mental image takes the form of a transverse wave. But, longitudinal waves are just as important, and understanding the difference is vital to learning about waves. In this lesson, explore both types of waves and the unique characteristics of each.

What is Sound? - Definition and Factors Affecting the Speed of Sound

4. What is Sound? - Definition and Factors Affecting the Speed of Sound

Explore the minute workings of sound waves and how they travel. We'll discuss the main factors that affect the speed of sound waves, and we'll try some mathematical problems involving the wave equation.

Pitch and Volume in Sound Waves

5. Pitch and Volume in Sound Waves

What do pitch and volume mean when talking about sound waves? Further your understanding of sound waves in this lesson as we explore the more familiar aspects of sound. We'll learn about pitch and volume and how they relate to sound wave parameters.

Electromagnetic Waves: Definition, Sources & Properties

6. Electromagnetic Waves: Definition, Sources & Properties

In this lesson, learn the basics of electromagnetic waves and how they make up the electromagnetic spectrum. We will explore the major trends and categories within the spectrum, as well as the various sources of electromagnetic waves.

The 7 Major Regions of the Electromagnetic Spectrum

7. The 7 Major Regions of the Electromagnetic Spectrum

This lesson will walk you through each of the major regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Explore the unique characteristics of X-rays, microwaves, radio waves, UV rays, infrared, gamma rays, and of course, visible light.

The Nature of Light: Origin, Spectrum & Color Frequency

8. The Nature of Light: Origin, Spectrum & Color Frequency

This lesson introduces the basics of visible light and color. Learn how the visible light spectrum is divided into the six color ranges. We'll also discuss why different people name colors in different ways.

Reflection: Angle of Incidence and Curved Surfaces

9. Reflection: Angle of Incidence and Curved Surfaces

How do waves reflect off of surfaces? How do we account for the images that we see reflected in various objects? Discover the answers to these questions as we investigate the rays and angles defining the law of reflection.

Diffuse Reflection: Definition, Examples & Surfaces

10. Diffuse Reflection: Definition, Examples & Surfaces

This lesson explores the law of reflection and how it applies to different surfaces and wave types. We'll learn the difference between specular and diffuse reflection and investigate how diffuse reflection affects our perception of sound and light.

Resonance: Definition & Transmission of Waves

11. Resonance: Definition & Transmission of Waves

This lesson describes how sound and light waves are affected by the principle of resonance. Learn how resonance occurs through the vibrations and resonant frequencies of objects. You'll investigate everyday examples of resonance and learn how to break a wine glass with your voice!

Transparent and Opaque Materials in Electromagnetic Waves

12. Transparent and Opaque Materials in Electromagnetic Waves

What makes an object transparent or opaque? How does light pass through some objects and not others? And what about the other types of electromagnetic waves? We'll investigate all these questions in this lesson about the transparency and opacity of materials.

Color: White Light, Reflection & Absorption

13. Color: White Light, Reflection & Absorption

What gives color to objects? How do light waves interact with materials to produce red and green or white and black? In this lesson, learn how white light is composed of all colors and how absorption and reflection influence our color perception.

Refraction & Dispersion: Definition, Snell's Law & Index of Refraction

14. Refraction & Dispersion: Definition, Snell's Law & Index of Refraction

Refraction explains why light bends in water. But, did you know that mathematical laws determine exactly how light waves are bent? In this lesson, we'll explore the mechanics of wave refraction, including Snell's Law and the index of refraction.

Diffraction: Relation to Sound & Light and Effects of Wavelength

15. Diffraction: Relation to Sound & Light and Effects of Wavelength

This lesson explores diffraction as one of the many behaviors of waves. Learn how diffraction occurs in sound and light waves and how it is affected by the wavelength of a wave. Find out how animals use diffraction to communicate and how scientists use it to study molecules.

Constructive and Destructive Interference

16. Constructive and Destructive Interference

What happens when one wave meets another? Do the waves converge to make one giant wave? Or, do they destroy each other? In this lesson, we'll explore the workings of wave interference.

The Doppler Effect: Definition, Examples & Applications

17. The Doppler Effect: Definition, Examples & Applications

What is the Doppler effect? How does it affect our perceptions of sound and light? In this lesson, learn how traveling wave sources can change the way we observe sound and light waves. Explore the applications of the Doppler effect on shock waves, sonic booms, and the movements of distant galaxies.

Wave-Particle Duality: Concept, Explanation & Examples

18. Wave-Particle Duality: Concept, Explanation & Examples

Is light a particle with mass and substance? Or, is it just a wave traveling through space? Most scientists say light is both a particle and a wave! Find out how they came to this strange conclusion as we learn about the theory of wave-particle duality.

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