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Ch 13: Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization chapter of this High School U.S. History Help and Review course is the simplest way to master the history of the Gilded Age. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of westward expansion, industrialization and urbanization.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering high school U.S. history material will benefit from taking this course. There is no faster or easier way to learn high school U.S. history. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who have fallen behind in understanding the economic policies, political platforms and social reform movements emerging in the late 19th century
  • Students who struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who need an efficient way to learn about westward expansion, industrialization and urbanization
  • Students who struggle to understand their teachers
  • Students who attend schools without extra history learning resources

How it works:

  • Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
  • Press play and watch the video lesson.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any westward expansion, industrialization and urbanization question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

This chapter helps students review the concepts in a westward expansion, industrialization and urbanization unit of a standard high school U.S. history course. Topics covered include:

  • The Homestead Act of 1862 and the frontier thesis
  • History and impact of the transcontinental railroad
  • The conquest and assimilation of Native Americans
  • The Second Industrial Revolution's economic policies
  • The development of American industry in the Gilded Age
  • Andrew Carnegie and the Captains of Industry or Robber Barons
  • Fredrick Taylor's managerial theories
  • The Second Industrial Revolution's labor conditions
  • Gilded Age politics and civil service reform
  • Labor unions during the Second Industrial Revolution
  • The Granger movement and the Populist party
  • Immigration and the rise of nativism
  • Urbanization and the rise of urban reform movements
  • Middle class opportunities in the late 19th century

19 Lessons in Chapter 13: Westward Expansion, Industrialization & Urbanization: Help and Review
Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis

1. Westward Expansion: The Homestead Act of 1862 & the Frontier Thesis

Between the mid-1800s and the turn of the 20th century, the American frontier opened and closed abruptly. What factors influenced this land rush, and how did it help shape American history?

Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

2. Expanding the Transcontinental Railroad: History and Impact

After decades of wrangling, plans were finalized for construction of a transcontinental railroad during the Civil War. After completion in 1869, the railroad changed many aspects of American life, for better or worse.

Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

3. Native Americans: Conflict, Conquest and Assimilation During the Gilded Age

In the second half of the 19th century, the federal government attempted to control Native American nations. This led to violent conflicts known together as the Indian Wars. Learn about famous battles, and the attempt to 'civilize' tribes through various policies.

Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution

4. Economic Policies During the Second Industrial Revolution

With encouragement from the federal government, the Second Industrial Revolution transformed America from an agrarian nation into an industrial power. The mixed effects of these changes on the American people prompted Mark Twain to dub the period the 'Gilded Age.'

American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models

5. American Industry Development in the Gilded Age: Bessemer Process, Scientific Management & New Business Models

American industry was transformed in the Second Industrial Revolution but not just through mechanization. Find out how new methods of management and organization helped the development of big business.

Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons

6. Andrew Carnegie and the Robber Barons

The Second Industrial Revolution created enormous wealth for industrialists like Andrew Carnegie. These corporate leaders were sometimes called Robber Barons for their questionable business practices, but they were also well-known for their philanthropy.

Fredrick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

7. Fredrick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency

Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.

Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution

8. Labor Conditions During the Second Industrial Revolution

In the period between the Civil War and World War I, the American economy - supported by industry rather than agriculture - boomed. But, not everything glittered in the Gilded Age. Learn about the difficult, dangerous conditions of work during the Second Industrial Revolution.

Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform

9. Gilded Age Politics: Political Machines & Civil Service Reform

Refresh your memory of the 'Forgotten Presidents' of the Gilded Age, and learn how Civil Service Reform might have cleaned up the federal government, but not the cities and states. They were the domain of political machines, like Tammany Hall.

Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

10. Labor Unions During the Second Industrial Revolution: Organized Labor vs. Management

Before American businesses had to comply with basic labor laws and safety regulations, workers organized to improve their working conditions. Learn about the early labor unions and their violent clashes with management and government.

The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions

11. The Grange and the Populist Party Platform: Goals, History & Definitions

During the Gilded Age of the late 19th century, farm prices fell and the federal government began supporting industry. Farmers first organized the Grange, a social movement that turned political with Farmers' Alliances. The Populist Party emerged to represent agrarian interests at the national level.

Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

12. Immigration in Industrial America and the Rise of Nativism

Between the Civil War and WWI, America experienced a massive third wave of immigration. Learn about where these immigrants came from, where they went and how 'native' Americans responded to them.

Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

13. Urbanization During the Second Industrial Revolution in America: Effects & Problems

After the Civil War, America transformed from a rural nation to an urban nation. Learn where all those people came from and why. Using New York City as an example, you'll see some of the problems of urbanization and the steps they took to improve it.

The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements

14. The Social Gospel Movement: Definition and Goals of Urban Reform Movements

Many Americans were desperately poor around the turn of the 20th century. The Social Gospel movement emerged among Protestant Christians to improve the economic, moral and social conditions of the urban working class.

Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution

15. Middle Class Opportunities in American Cities During the Second Industrial Revolution

In the late 1800s, a new middle class emerged in America. In this lesson, learn about new opportunities available to these urbanites, including technology, sports and leisure, education and the arts.

The Omaha Platform of 1892: Definition & Goals

16. The Omaha Platform of 1892: Definition & Goals

In 1892, the Populist Party formally outlined their ideology as America's third political party. In this lesson, we'll talk about the Populists and their platform, and see what it meant for American history.

Florence Kelley & Jane Addams on Child Labor

17. Florence Kelley & Jane Addams on Child Labor

In this lesson, we'll discuss Americans Jane Addams and Florence Kelley, who were advocates for many social justice causes, including Child Labor reform.

Populist Movement: Definition & Facts

18. Populist Movement: Definition & Facts

American politics changed a lot between the late 19th and early 20th centuries. At the heart of this change was the Populist movement. We're going to explore the history of this movement, see where it came from, and how it impacted American politics.

Pony Express: History, Route & Facts

19. Pony Express: History, Route & Facts

The Pony Express is one of the fabled institutions of the Old West, but how much do you really know about it? In this lesson, we'll explore the history and significance of the Pony Express.

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