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Ch 6: World Religion: Islam

About This Chapter

Watch world religion video lessons and learn about the birth of Islam, the pillars of the Islamic faith and various offshoots of the religion. These easy-to-follow lessons are just a portion of our online study guide and video collection.

World Religion: Islam - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

The chapter starts by providing an overview of the birth of Islam. Lessons provide a biography of Muhammad and explain the Quran and Hadith. A definition of Sharia Law is also given. You'll learn about Ottoman history and important accomplishments during the Islamic Golden Age. Finally, you can study Islamic Fundamentalism and Jihad. This chapter can help you understand the following:

  • The formation of Islam and origin of the Quran
  • Tenets of Islamic life and Sharia Law
  • The spread of Islam and the Islamic Golden Age
  • The divide of Islam into Sunnis and Shiites
  • Other offshoot movements of Islam
  • Islamic Fundamentalism in contemporary times

Video Objective
Muhammad and the Birth of Islam Provide a biography of Muhammad and chronicle the birth of Islam.
The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation Analyze the origin and tenets of the Quran and the Hadith.
Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran and Sharia Law Define the five pillars of the Islamic faith and their relation to the Quran.
Islamic Life and Sharia Law Explain how faith and culture are intertwined in the Islamic faith.
The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates Track the spread of Islam and progress of the Caliphates across the known world.
Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture and Exploits Describe the art, culture and exploits of the Ottoman Empire up to Suleiman.
Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical and Literary Accomplishments List the scholarly, scientific, artistic, medical and literary accomplishments during the Islamic Golden Age.
Islam Divides: The Sunni and the Shiite Explore the split of Islam into the Sunni and the Shiite.
The Sufi and Bahai Describe the offshoots and other movements of Islam, including Sufism.
Islamic Fundamentalism and World Politics Analyze Islamic Fundamentalism, the Wahhabi Movement, the Muslim Brotherhood and the concept of Jihad.

10 Lessons in Chapter 6: World Religion: Islam
Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

1. Mohammed and the Birth of Islam

Out of the deserts of Arabia would come a man who would change the world. He was Mohammed, founder of the religion of Islam, and this lesson serves as a brief summary of his life and the founding of the religion of Islam.

The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation

2. The Qur'an and the Hadith: Islamic Revelation

This lesson will focus on the Koran and the Hadith as sacred texts of Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the Muslim monotheistic belief in Allah and the revelation of the Koran to Muhammad.

Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law

3. Five Pillars of the Islamic Faith: Overview, the Quran & Sharia Law

The Five Pillars of Islam are the foundation of the world's second largest faith. They are characterized by a simplicity that encourages peaceful cooperation between people, which is one reason for the religion's widespread devotion. This lesson will detail each of the five and show how they relate to the daily lives of practicing Muslims.

Islamic Life and Sharia Law: Faith & Culture

4. Islamic Life and Sharia Law: Faith & Culture

Today's lesson will explore Sharia law in reference to fundamentalist Islam. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of Sharia law as the True Path. It will also discuss its origins in the sacred texts of Islam known as the Koran, the Sunnah, and the Hadith.

The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates

5. The Spread of Islam and the Progress of the Caliphates

After the death of Mohammed, Islam continued to spread through Arabia, the Middle East and Africa. This lesson is an overview of Islam's progress from the faith of Mecca to a faith for all the world.

Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits

6. Suleiman and the Ottoman Empire: History, Culture & Exploits

This lesson will focus on Suleiman the Magnificent, ruler of the Ottoman Empire. It will highlight his conquests of Eastern Europe and his wars with the Habsburg Dynasty. It will also discuss the cultural advancements of his rule.

Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments

7. Muslim Learning: Scientific, Artistic, Medical & Literary Accomplishments

The Abbasid caliphate (750-1258 CE) oversaw the Golden Age of Islam. Learn about the accomplishments of Muslim scholars in art, literature, science, medicine and mathematics during this time.

Islam Divides: The Sunni and the Shiite

8. Islam Divides: The Sunni and the Shiite

This lesson will seek to explain the divide between the Sunnis and Shiites of Islamic culture. In doing so, it will highlight the Prophet Muhammad, Ali, Abu Bakr, and the position of Islamic Caliph.

Off-Shoots of Islam: The Sufi and Bahai

9. Off-Shoots of Islam: The Sufi and Bahai

This lesson will seek to explain the Islamic offshoots of Sufism and the Bahai Movement. In doing so, it will highlight both the similarities and differences in reference to Orthodox Islam and its teachings on the Prophet Muhammad and the Koran.

Islamic Fundamentalism and World Politics: Wahhabi Movement, Muslim Brotherhood & Jihad

10. Islamic Fundamentalism and World Politics: Wahhabi Movement, Muslim Brotherhood & Jihad

This lesson will seek to explain the impact of Wahhabism and the Muslim Brotherhood on Islam and the world's politics. In doing so, it will highlight the Koran and Sharia law and their influence in places like Egypt and Saudi Arabia.

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