About This Chapter
World Religion: Judaism - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The chapter provides an introduction to Judaism by first explaining the difference between polytheism and monotheism. You'll receive an overview of the main beliefs and laws of Judaism, including the Talmud and the role of rabbis. Lessons examine Christian antisemitism throughout Medieval Europe through the Middle Ages. You'll close the chapter with a look at different Jewish denominations and rituals. This chapter can help you understand the following:
- The difference between polytheism and monotheism
- The main beliefs and laws of Judaism
- Christian antisemitism in medieval Europe
- Different Jewish denominations
- Summary of the main Jewish holidays
|Polytheism and Monotheism||Provide an explanation of what makes monotheistic religions different from polytheistic religions.|
|The Hebrews and Their Beliefs||Discuss the main beliefs and laws of Judaism.|
|The Jewish Belief System||Look at Jewish belief systems, particularly the Torah, Talmud and role of rabbis.|
|Christian Antisemitism in Medieval Europe||Analyze the impact of Christian antisemitism in Medieval Europe.|
|Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition||Explain Jewish persecution throughout the Middle Ages, including the Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition periods.|
|Jewish Denominations||Describe the backgrounds and differences of various Jewish denominations.|
|Jewish Holidays and Rituals||List and summarize important Jewish holidays and rituals.|
1. What's the Difference Between Polytheism and Monotheism?
This lecture discusses the origins of monotheism. It then compares monotheism to polytheism, with especial emphasis on the problematic nature of holy law. Finally it uses the Greek story of Hippolytus to compare the ancient polytheistic perspective to a modern christian perspective.
2. The Hebrews and Their Beliefs
This lesson covers the Hebrews and their beliefs. We look at the core tenets of Judaism and explore some of the stories from the Torah. Finally, we see how the Hebrews' history of oppression impacted their religion and the world today.
3. The Jewish Belief System: Description, Elements & History
This lesson will explore the ancient religion of Judaism, the faith of the Jewish people. In doing so, it will highlight the concept of monotheism, Yahweh's covenant with Abraham and the Jewish texts of law.
4. Christian Antisemitism in Medieval Europe
Medieval Europe was predominantly full of Christian societies, but not all citizens were Christians. In this lesson, we'll talk about anti-Semitic policies and fears that characterize European societies for over a millennium.
5. Reconquista and Spanish Inquisition
This lesson will explain the Spanish Reconquista and the Spanish Inquisition. It will focus on the reasons for each, specifically highlighting the role of Ferdinand and Isabella, and the tortures they allowed.
6. Jewish Denominations: Examples & History
Judaism is a major world religion, but like all religions, it has its denominations. In this lesson, we'll explore the major denominations of Judaism and see how they differ.
7. Jewish Holidays and Rituals: Examples & History
This lesson will focus on the well-known Jewish holidays of Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, and the Passover. In doing this, it will highlight the blowing of the shofar, the Jewish liberation from Egypt, and the Seder meal.
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