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Adjudicator: Job Description, Duties and Salary

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become an adjudicator. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as information about degree programs and job duties to find out if this is the right career for you. View article »

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  • 0:00 Essential Information
  • 0:19 Job Description
  • 1:05 Duties
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Video Transcript

Essential Information

Adjudicators preside over, judge, and help arbitrate legal disputes pertaining to government issues and program eligibility. They determine the appropriate course of action for claims and settlements. Many adjudicators have advanced degrees and experience working as a lawyer. Federal adjudicators may need to pass an exam.

Job Description

Adjudicators work for all levels of government and are sometimes known as hearing officers or administrative law judges. Adjudicators make rulings that concern government programs. For example, adjudicators preside over cases involving the enforcement of health and safety regulations, economic rule compliance, workers' compensation eligibility, and hiring discrimination. They also recommend the rejection or acceptance of claims and settlements under government programs such as Social Security.

In most states, adjudicators need a master's, doctoral or law degree. Job requirements vary by position and employer. For example, judges with the federal government need to be lawyers and pass an exam. However, some states allow administrative law judges to come from a non-legal background.

Duties

Adjudicators must be familiar with current laws and regulations, so they often spend time researching, analyzing, and reviewing policies and laws relevant to their cases. When involved in a hearing, adjudicators are responsible for reviewing documents and paperwork, as well as meeting with individuals or organizations to gather relevant information. They decide whether or not evidence is admissible and if particular legal motions are acceptable. Adjudicators maintain justice in the courtroom by overseeing all activities that occur in the trials and hearings they oversee.

Salary

An adjudicator's salary varies depending on the level of government for which he or she works. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), as of May 2015 administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers earned an average annual salary of $93,140. Most of these professionals work for state-level government, earning an average of $79,670 per year in 2015. Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers working in Massachusetts, Alabama, and California earned more that year than adjudicators in other states, per the BLS.


Adjudicators preside over, judge, and help arbitrate legal disputes pertaining to government issues and program eligibility. These professionals typically earn more than $93,000 a year.

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