Army Ranger: Job Description, Salary and Outlook

Learn about the training and preparation needed to become an Army Ranger. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about job duties and salary information to find out if this is the career for you.

Essential Information

Army Rangers are members of an elite special operations force. These highly disciplined and trained members of the U.S. Military execute assault missions in politically sensitive areas and in combat zones. Rangers must be accepted into and complete specialized training programs.

Required Education Must complete Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP), followed by U.S. Army Ranger School
Projected Job Growth Little or no change from 2012-2022*
Average Salary $ 18,378 in basic pay for an E-1 private as of October 2014 (not including health care, housing, and food allowances)**

Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics **

Job Description

Members of the 75th Ranger Regiment are assigned to one of four battalions - three based in Georgia and another in Washington State. They spend most of their workdays training or preparing for missions. A Ranger's duties require participation in large training exercises that may take place overseas. When not deployed, a Ranger has nights and weekends off from work.

Job Duties

Army Rangers conduct short-term-notice deployments using many methods of infiltration. Army Rangers may make raids into hostile territory to capture enemy personnel or materials. They may rescue civilians or military prisoners of war. Army Rangers can conduct airborne missions. Rangers collect information on their missions to use against enemy forces in subsequent operations.


Women cannot become Army Rangers. Requirements for male soldiers include being accepted into airborne training and having an occupation included in the 75th Regiment. Rangers must pass a physical and a technical knowledge exam. They must show good character and be able to attain a clearance for secret information.


Upon conditional acceptance in the Rangers, volunteers must complete the Ranger Assessment and Selection Program (RASP). All RASP students learn basic first aid for use in critical situations. Additional training after assignment to a battalion may include language instruction and U.S. Army Ranger School.


Salary for an Army Ranger depends upon rank and length of service. According to the Army's 2014 pay scale, an E-1 private with less than two years of service makes $18,378 in basic pay, while a captain with six years of service earns basic pay of $64,983.60.

In addition to basic pay, Army Rangers receive health care, free housing, and food allowances. Some Rangers also earn special supplements based on their skills.


The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicted that employment opportunities in the military would remain strong from 2012 through 2022 ( However, the BLS notes, political events affect the demand for recruits, so employment could vary.

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