An Associate in Physical Therapy prepares students for careers as physical therapist assistants (PTAs). Two-year degree programs in the field often include both classroom lectures and clinical experiences to help students gain the skills necessary to work with patients in a professional healthcare setting. Students entering physical therapist assistant associate's degree programs are expected to have completed advanced high school or introductory college-level courses in biology, chemistry and English.
- Prerequisites: High school diploma or equivalent
- Program Length: Two years
- Other Requirements: Clinical experiences
Associate's Degree in Physical Therapy
Students learn human anatomy, medical terminology and healthcare science, before being instructed about the duties of a physical therapist assistant. Clinical experiences teach students how to communicate one-on-one with patients, perform under the supervision of physical therapists, administer basic therapeutic exercises and handle real-world problems that might arise in a hospital environment. This program typically includes four to five semesters, the beginning of the program examines theory and science and the second half consists of clinical and laboratory work. These courses often explore:
- Health science laboratory
- Human anatomy and kinesiology
- Physical therapy fundamentals and modalities
- Clinical physical therapy assistance
- Disabilities procedures
- Pathophysiology and musculoskeletal conditions
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
In 2014, health practitioners, hospitals, nursing home facilities and other healthcare organizations employed roughly 79,910 physical therapist assistants in the United States, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The BLS reported a 41% increase in jobs for physical therapists assistants during 2012 to 2022, which is much faster than average when compared to other occupations. The median annual salary for physical therapist assistants was $54,410, and the top-paying states for the profession were Texas, California, and New Jersey as of 2014 (www.bls.gov).
Certification and Continuing Education
The majority of states require that physical therapist assistants gain licensure by passing the National Physical Therapy Exam. To qualify for the exam, individuals must complete an associate's degree program in physical therapy accredited by the Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education. While physical therapist assistants cannot become physical therapists without earning a master's degree in the field, they can advance to administrative and teaching roles by working their way up through a physical therapy department.