Automation technicians require a high school diploma or GED, though many employers prefer an associate's degree in a related field. Certification is available for the specific profession as well as for pieces of equipment from specific manufacturers.
Automation technicians repair and maintain the computer-controlled systems and robotic devices used within industrial and commercial facilities to reduce human intervention and maximize efficiency. Their duties require knowledge of electronics, mechanics and computers. Employers may prefer candidates that have obtained an associate degree; optional industry certifications are also available.
|Required Education||Associate degree may be preferred|
|Other Requirements||Optional certifications available from the Electronics Technicians Association and Manufacturing Skill Standards Council|
|Preferred Skills||Strong math, computer and electronics skills; ability to work with hand tools and various instruments|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||1% for all electro-mechanical technicians|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$53,340 for all electro-mechanical technicians|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Job Description of an Automation Technician
Automation technicians troubleshoot, service and fix the computerized systems and robotic devices that are designed to reduce human interaction, such as robotic assembly devices and computer-controlled building air-conditioning systems. These machines and systems are often found within industrial and manufacturing plants, such as food processing facilities. Alternate job titles include field technician, bench technician, robotics technician, production support technician and maintenance technician.
Duties of Automation Technicians
Automation technicians perform routine diagnostic checks on automated systems, monitor automated systems, isolate problems and perform repairs. For example, technicians at a food packaging facility use weights or specialized instruments to ensure the machines are dispensing the correct amount of food into containers. If a problem occurs, the technician needs to troubleshoot the issue and determine if the problem is mechanical, electrical or from the computer systems controlling the process. Once the issue has been diagnosed, the technician must repair or replace any necessary components, such as a sensor or electrical wiring.
Requirements to Become an Automation Technician
Employers may prefer applicants who have completed an automation technology or mechatronics associate degree program. These degree programs integrate computer science with mechanics, electronics and process controls, They also commonly include coursework in hydraulics, pneumatics, programmable logic controllers, electrical circuits, electrical machinery and human-machine interfaces. Good math and analytic skills are essential to understand automated systems and isolate problems. Workers are expected to become proficient with various instruments and hand tools, such as electrical multimeters.
Certifications can enhance employment opportunities and keep professionals current with the latest technological developments. Credential programs are offered by several equipment manufacturers and professional associations, such as the Electronics Technicians Association and the Manufacturing Skill Standards Council.
Salary and Job Outlook
While salary and outlook data isn't collected for this career, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports that these professionals make a salary similar to electro-mechanical technicians. In May 2015, the BLS reported that electro-mechanical technicians had a median annual salary of $53,340. Job growth for electro-mechanical technicians was expected to be 1% during the 2014-2024 decade, according to the BLS.
Automation technicians maintain, monitor and repair automated systems used to produce products in manufacturing environments. These professionals require math, computer and electronics skills. During the 2014-2024 decade, the job growth outlook for this position is slower than the average.