Auxiliary Police Officer: Job Description, Duties and Requirements
Learn about the education and preparation needed to become an auxiliary police officer. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about training, job duties and employment opportunities to find out if this is the career for you.
Auxiliary police officers assist local police departments in maintaining order and protecting the safety of a community's residents. Most are volunteers who are concerned with the well-being of their neighbors and their neighborhood. Auxiliary police officers perform non-enforcement and non-hazardous duties. The departments with which they are associated and the chief of police in charge often delineate their specific duties.
Although many auxiliary police officer positions are voluntary, some departments provide salaries for auxiliary law enforcement work. Auxiliary police officers usually must be at least 18 or 21 years of age. Most employers prefer professionals who have the minimum of a high school diploma. Additional job requirements include having a clean background, passing drug tests, and being either a permanent resident or a U.S. citizen.
|Required Education||GED or high school diploma|
|Other Requirements||Meet age requirements; pass drug tests; have a clear background; and, be a U.S. citizen or permanent resident|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||+5% for non-auxiliary police and detectives; +12% for security guards|
|Median Salary (2013)*||Many volunteer auxiliary police positions aren't compensated. |
$56,130 for non-auxiliary police and sheriff's patrol officers; $24,070 for security guards
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Duties of an Auxiliary Police Officer
Auxiliary police officers are called upon to supplement police work as needed. Although they do not perform duties that require force, they take part in other police work that preserves peace and order, prevents crime and protects life and property, as instructed by their department. Depending on the community, auxiliary police officers may assist in crowd and traffic control, perform uniformed foot or bicycle patrols in a neighborhood or provide security at local concerts and festivals.
Requirements of an Auxiliary Police Officer
Because auxiliary police officers serve at the discretion of their department's chief of police, there is variation in the requirements for auxiliary law enforcement officers. For example, many smaller communities tend to have hourly requirements for auxiliary police officers. Moreover, some communities may require that potential auxiliary police officers undergo auxiliary law enforcement training. These training courses are often provided at local community colleges and teach potential auxiliary officers the basics of law enforcement, first aid and firearms training.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Although the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) doesn't report statistics for auxiliary police officers, information pertaining to mainstream police officers or security guards is available. In 2013, police and sheriff's patrol officers earned median annual salaries of $56,130, and security guards earned $24,070 during that same year. From 2012-2022, employment for police and detectives was predicted by the BLS to expand more slowly than average at 5%, while jobs for security guards were expected to grow about as fast as average at 12%.
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