Students pursuing a bachelor's degree in computer science learn probability factors and how to apply logic principles to develop and encode computer systems and programs. By encountering and repairing programming mishaps, they also gain critical-thinking and problem-solving skills.
Aspiring computer programmers working toward a computer science degree may be able to pursue specialized tracks, such as game design or artificial intelligence. Although almost all computer science bachelor's degree programs comprise programming lessons (through the core curriculum, electives or both), individuals most often specialize in this field through advanced schooling, independent study or professional pursuits upon graduation. These programs may also offer opportunities to gain hands-on experience.
- Prerequisites: High school diploma or GED, prerequisite courses in introductory programming, discrete mathematics and calculus, GPA requirements.
- Online Availability: May be available online.
- Program Length: 4 years.
- Other Requirements: Senior project and internships may be required.
Bachelor's Degree in Computer Science
Those seeking bachelor's degrees in computer science are typically required to complete a senior project and may also take part in a professional computer programming internship or co-op experience. Aspiring computer programmers take foundational classes in physics and statistics. They also study:
- Structural components of computer systems
- System organization principles and operating system essentials
- Development and analysis of algorithms
- Database management concepts
- Software engineering principles
- Computer programming languages
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Computer programmers are responsible for designing, building, testing and fixing websites, information management systems and software programs. Many United States computer programming jobs have been cut back due to global outsourcing. However, employment of computer programmers is expected to grow 8% from 2012 to 2022, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. As of 2014, computer programmers made a median salary of $77,550 annually (http://www.bls.gov).
Continuing Education Information
Because of competitiveness in the computer programming field, it is imperative for job candidates to stay up-to-date on usable languages and technologies. Consequently, these individuals may decide to pursue a Master of Science in Computer Science. Another advanced degree option for a computer programmer may is the Master of Science in Management Information Systems. However, continuing education classes, professional seminars and organization memberships may help programmers stay on their game.