An exercise science degree program teaches students about the ways exercise can factor into a healthy lifestyle or be used for a specific purpose, such as athletic training. It is intended for those who wish to pursue careers in an allied health field or enroll in a graduate program for fitness, nutrition or human health.
In a kinesiology program, students focus on a particular specialty, such as fitness or education. Many applicants choose kinesiology programs in order to prepare for jobs in rehabilitation or physical therapy.
For both programs, a high school diploma or equivalent is necessary for admission, along with a strong GPA and minimal SAT or ACT scores. Clinical training may be required for graduation.
Bachelor of Science in Exercise Science
Bachelor's degree students with a major in exercise science receive a well-rounded education--with classes in languages, mathematics and humanities--in addition to learning about the body and how it works. This program, sometimes called exercise physiology, introduces fitness enthusiasts to health and wellness. Common courses include:
- Activity for special populations
- Recreational management
- Athletic training techniques
- Biomechanics of movement
- Care and prevention of athletic injuries
Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology
Kinesiology is the study of human motion, with a particular focus on improving health through movement. Courses cover many of the same topics as exercise science degree programs, but may also include subjects such as sports in America and exercise prescription. Bachelor's degree programs in kinesiology may vary by specialty area. Common courses include:
- Philosophy of physical activity
- Biomechanics of movement
- Motor learning and control
Popular Career Options
Careers for individuals completing a bachelor's degree in exercise science or exercise physiology may find work in hospitals or health care clinics, fitness clubs or other physical wellness settings. Although some additional coursework or certification may be needed, possible careers include physical therapist assistants, assistant coaches, athletic trainers, nurses or exercise and nutrition consultants. Those with a background in exercise science may seek jobs working with athletes in terms of physical conditioning or treating sports-related injuries.
Kinesiology graduates who complete teacher training requirements can seek licensure to teach physical education, while other graduates may apply for certification as personal trainers.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
Those with a bachelor's degree in kinesiology have a solid foundation for entering the fitness industry as a personal trainer, exercise physiologist or another type of wellness professional. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) expected employment of fitness trainers and instructors to grow 8% from 2014-2024. The median annual salary for these professionals was $36,160 as of May 2015, according to the BLS.
Certification and Continuing Education Information
Those who wish to become a personal trainer or fitness instructor can obtain certification from several agencies and organizations in the U.S. For example, the National Athletic Trainers' Association offers membership and accreditation through the Board of Certification (www.nata.org). Kinesiology programs also prepare individuals to pursue teacher certification in physical education. For those interested in continuing education, a bachelor's degree program in kinesiology can be used as a platform to pursue a graduate degree and become a physical therapist.
Bachelor's programs in exercise science and kinesiology cover athletic training techniques, biomechanics, injury care and recreational management, along with many other related topics. Graduates are prepared for a multitude of roles, including in physical therapy and fitness training.