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Bachelors Degree in Geology: Info for Geology Majors

Students in bachelor's-level geology programs get the basics of Earth science, learning about Earth's makeup, history and resources for all living organisms. Learn about the programs as well as career options.

Essential Information

In geology bachelor's degree programs, students learn about the composition of Earth and it's atmosphere; how natural forces, such as wind and water, shape land; and how to analyze Earth's layers, rock and mineral formations and raw materials, like oil and water. Students learn how to understand the planet's health, how its resources can be used in everyday life and how it has changed over time.

Curricula typically include traditional classes, labs and fieldwork. Prospective participants should expect to take general education courses that will supplement the core subject, like chemistry, which will help explain the science behind gem and mineral formation. Other related topics to be covered can include dinosaurs, meteors and aerial photography interpretation.

As science, math, writing and communications for reports are a large part of a geologist's work, it's recommended that program applicants have a strong background in these areas.


Bachelor's in Geology

Geology-specific courses can range in topic and can even include outer space studies. Some discussed areas are:

  • Oceanography
  • Earth tectonics
  • Volcanoes
  • Rock, gem and mineral formation
  • History and evolution of Earth
  • Glaciers

Popular Career Options

A bachelor's degree in geology prepares students for entry-level employment. Some graduates work with tech companies, as geologists often help gadget developers find the raw materials that go into making devices, like smart phones. Other possible job roles and titles are:

  • Economic geologists
  • Glacial geologists
  • Petroleum geologists
  • Soil scientists
  • Volcanologists

Continuing Education Information

Many graduates choose to pursue advanced degrees that will allow them to focus on a specific area of geology, like hydrology (water studies) and volcanology (study of volcanoes).

With a variety of career specializations even within entry-level positions, bachelor's degree programs in geology offer a range of courses along with lab and fieldwork to prepare graduates.

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