Become an Interior Architect: Step-by-Step Career Guide

Research the requirements to become an interior architect. Learn about the job description and duties, and read the step-by-step process to start a career as an interior architect.

Should I Become an Interior Architect?

Interior architects, sometimes known as interior designers, are the creative soul behind the beauty of a home. They prepare drawings of interior spaces and design the aesthetics through painting styles and colors, furniture style and placement, lighting fixtures, flooring, cabinetry and countertops, and so forth. Many architects work closely with clients in bringing their vision for their home into fruition, while others are simply trusted to utilize their creative chops and orchestrate something unique. Interior architects can either be self-employed or work for an architectural firm.

In addition, interior architects can expect to work on all sorts of projects ranging from private to communal residential spaces to commercial settings such as offices, schools, or even hospitals. Long work days may be common along with strict deadlines. Interior architects may also be involved in the construction process if certain rooms are required to be a certain shape or style. Although the BLS does not acquire salary info for interior architects in particular, the salary info for architects in general is available below. It is important to denote, however, that interior designers earn roughly $30,000 less per year in comparison to architects. However, individuals who earn a degree in architecture may very well have better job and salary prospects versus those whom only obtain interior design certification.

Career Requirements

Degree Level Professional architecture degree from an accredited school, commonly a 5-year bachelor's degree or a master's degree, plus qualification as a designer
Degree Field Architecture
Licensure/Certification All states require architects to be licensed; certification is voluntary
Experience A 1-3 year internship is usually required prior to licensure*; some employers prefer candidates with 5-10 years of experience
Key Skills Visualization, analytical, critical-thinking, communication and organizational skills; knowledge of engineering, technology, public safety, building and construction, management skills, and project management software programs
Salary (2014) The median salary for all architects was $74,520 in 2014

Sources: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics- Occupational Employment Statistics- Architects

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's or Master's Degree

All states require architects to be licensed. To become licensed, an individual must graduate from a program accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB). Bachelor's and master's degree programs in interior architecture are available; however, these programs are usually not accredited by NAAB, and therefore can't prepare an individual for licensure.

Accredited bachelor's degree programs in architecture are commonly offered as a Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) and last five years. Topics of study might include urban design, technology, interior architecture, physics, architectural math and the history of architecture. The curriculum of these programs often includes both lectures and design studios.

Master of Architecture (M.Arch.) programs require 1-2 years of study and are usually designed for students who possess a bachelor's degree in a field other than architecture. These programs might address environmental systems, computer-aided design and drafting, urban determinants, and methods of construction. Instruction is often delivered through lectures and design studios. Some M.Arch. programs are combined with B.Arch. programs; these generally last 5-6 years.

Success Tip:

  • Complete courses related to interior design. Students who plan to work as interior architects often can choose electives related to this specialty. These courses might explore topics like lighting or building materials, paint styles, flooring, and so on. It is important for architects who wish to focus on interior design to obtain this knowledge, as although similar, the aesthetics related to interior design are a bit more nuanced than those pertinent to exterior composition.

Step 2: Complete an Internship

Most states require that applicants for architect licensure have completed the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) Intern Development Program (IDP). This program mandates completion of a 5,600-hour paid internship.

Success Tip:

  • Prepare for the Architect Registration Examination (ARE). The NCARB offers study guides and practice exams to individuals intending to take the ARE. These materials might help an individual pass the ARE on his or her first try.

Step 3: Pass the Architect Registration Exam

Most states require that aspiring architects pass NCARB's ARE to become licensed. This exam can only be taken after an individual has completed the internship requirement. It consists of seven areas, including site planning and design, building systems and schematic design. Continuing education is required to renew architecture licensure. Depending on the state, renewal might be annual or biennial.

Step 4: Earn Professional Certification

Architects can apply for voluntary NCARB certification once they've earned state licensure. In addition to holding a license, candidates must have completed an NAAB-accredited bachelor's or master's degree program and the IDP and passed the ARE. NCARB certification must be renewed annually. The BLS notes that certification may ease the transition of licensing across states.

Architects with 'green' construction or design experience also might pursue one of the multiple Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certifications available through the U.S. Green Building Council. LEED credentials must be renewed every two years by completing 15 hours of continuing education.

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