Should I Become a Bilingual Teacher?
Bilingual teachers typically teach English to students whose primary language is not English. Bilingual teachers may choose to teach either children or adults and may work in a variety of environments, including school classrooms and continuing education programs at community colleges or universities. They may also work at prisons and community learning centers. Oftentimes, adult students are eager to learn, which can make the job a rewarding one. Bilingual teachers must often work evenings to accommodate any students with jobs.
|Degree Level||Bachelor's; master's preferred in some positions|
|Degree Field||Biligual or bicultural education, elementary education, education|
|Licensure/Certification||Licensure varies; TESOL and/or ESL certification required|
|Key Skills||Communication skills, cultural sensitivity, patience, creativity, knowledge of computer-based training software|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$50,280 (for bilingual teachers)|
Sources: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Job postings in November 2012, O Net Online.
Step 1: Obtain a Bachelor's Degree
Individuals who wish to be bilingual teachers at any level must typically earn a bachelor's degree in education or early childhood education. Some universities offer undergraduate programs in bilingual and bi-cultural education. Individuals who participate in such a program typically take courses in literacy instruction, evaluation, diagnostic assessment, teaching methods, and curriculum development.
To help with employment opportunities, bilingual teachers should strive to become fluent in a second language. While some employers hire bilingual teachers who speak only in English, it may be beneficial for a bilingual teacher to have the ability to communicate in the language of the students he or she will eventually serve. Many undergraduate degrees require classes in foreign language as an integral part of a degree program.
Step 2: Obtain a Master's Degree
While some schools employ bilingual teachers who have a bachelor's degree, other employers require a master's degree, especially for teachers working in a university or community college setting. Such a degree program might include courses in the following topics as they relate to bilingual education:
- Program development
- Teaching English as a second language
- Language acquisition
Master's candidates may also be required to write a thesis paper.
To gain experience along the way, aspiring bilingual teachers can complete a practicum. Many academic programs require teaching students to complete an internship or practicum as part of their training. An individual who participates in a practicum typically observes a classroom led by a master teacher. A practicum may help a prospective teacher become more familiar with the teaching profession.
Step 3: Become Certified
Individuals who wish to become qualified as bilingual teachers typically need to attain certification in one or more areas. Educators who wish to teach adults are commonly required to earn certification in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL). Teachers in public schools will typically become certified to teach English as a Second Language (ESL) by the state in which they practice their profession. Some states require special credentials on top of regular teaching licensing for bilingual teachers. For example, California bilingual teachers must have English learner authorization and complete a bilingual authorization program.
Step 4: Join a Professional Organization
Prospective teachers about to enter the workforce may find it beneficial to join a professional organization for bilingual teachers, such as the National Association for Bilingual Education (NABE). NABE offers continuing education and networking opportunities for bilingual teachers, as well as a job board which may useful for researching potential employers.
In summary, bilingual teachers often teach students whose first language is not English, so they should consider learning a second language while pursing a degree in education to help with employment opportunities.