Human development and family studies programs have similar requirements. Both programs may have prerequisites in sociology, psychology or statistics and include field experience as the capstone requirement for graduation. The core curricula for human development programs include lifespan development and biological processes as topics. Family studies programs require coursework in family development, relationships and community service.
|Career||Social Worker||School and Career Counselor||Public Relations Specialist|
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree; master's degree for clinical social workers||Master's degree||Bachelor's degree|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||12%||8%||6%|
|Median Salary (2014)*||$45,500||$53,370||$55,680|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
After receiving a degree, students have several choices when it comes to selecting a career path. Individuals favoring a profession centered around interpersonal communication and cultivating personal relationships can opt to become social workers or school and career counselors, since these jobs require workers to develop a connection with their patients. Another such option is probation officer, which necessitates communication with both law enforcement officials and criminal offenders. Meanwhile, individuals who prefer corporate strategies and relationships can seek employment as public relations specialists. These professionals protect companies and attempt to present a favorable image to the general public.
Social workers assist people with a wide range of issues, including illness, poverty, substance abuse and disability. Many work with children in schools or elderly citizens living in healthcare facilities. Besides working with individuals, social workers may conduct research, petition government agencies or assist lawmakers with policies and legislation. Social workers typically need a minimum of a bachelor's degree in social work or a related field, such as psychology. In addition to a bachelor's degree, many states require social workers to have supervised experience or a graduate degree in order to gain licensure.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), overall employment for social workers was expected to increase 12% from 2014-2024 (www.bls.gov). In May 2014, the BLS reported that the median annual salary for child and family social workers was $42,120, while healthcare social workers earned $51,930. Social workers in the area of substance abuse and mental health earned a median of $41,380 per year.
School and Career Counselors
School and career counselors help students and school personnel develop plans of action to address problems. At the elementary school level, they may also help teachers design curricula. High school guidance counselors may assist students with academics and career pursuits. Most states have some form of licensing standards for school counselors, which may include earning a graduate degree and/or teacher certification.
The BLS stated that overall employment for school and career counselors was expected to increase 8% from 2014-2024. The BLS stated in May 2014 that the annual median salary for a school and career counselor was $53,370.
Public Relations Specialists
Public relations (PR) specialists ensure that a company has a favorable public image. Much of their work is done through coordinating events and news releases with the community, media and local governments. PR specialists have good people skills and are comfortable giving interviews, answering questions, writing press releases and multi-tasking. While there are large PR firms, many companies have their own PR departments.
According to the BLS, employment for PR specialists was expected to grow by 6% from 2014-2024. The BLS indicated in May 2014 that the median annual salary for PR specialists was $55,680.
Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
Probation officers work with individuals who have been placed on probation by the courts. Correctional treatment specialists provide counseling services and design programs to help offenders make lifestyle changes once they reenter society. In both careers, individuals may work with juvenile or adult offenders, and they interact with other criminal justice professionals, such as police officers and judges.
The BLS stated that employment for probation officers and correctional treatment specialists was anticipated to increase 4% from 2014-2024. The BLS reported in May 2014 that the median annual salary for a probation officer or correctional treatment specialist was $49,060.