Students of psychology and human behavior learn about emotion, motivation, interpersonal interaction, and behavior. An undergraduate degree in psychology and human behavior is ideal preparation for a career as a social worker, probation officer, or clinical psychologist.
Degrees in psychology and human behavior typically begin at the undergraduate level with a bachelor's in psychology. Students then go on to graduate school to obtain either a master's or a doctorate degree. Master's degree graduates are prepared to work in business, research or as assistants to psychologists. Psychologists who work in clinical settings have either a Psy.D. or Ph.D. and are licensed by the state.
|Career Title||Social Worker||Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists||Clinical Psychologists|
|Education Requirements||Bachelor's Degree; Master's degree for those working in a clinical setting||Bachelor's Degree||Doctoral Degree|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||12% for social workers||4% for probation officers and correctional treatment specialists||20% for clinical, counseling, and school psychologists|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$45,900 for social workers||$49,360 for probation officers and correctional treatment specialists||$70,580 for clinical, counseling, and school psychologists|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Degrees in psychology are versatile and focus on the way humans interact with their environment. As a result, students of psychology are prepared to work in various different careers. With a degree in psychology and human behavior, one can become a case manager, probation officer, insight manager or clinical psychologist.
Case managers typically meet with clients and their families for assessment purposes and to coordinate the provision of necessary social services care, making referrals to other care providers as needed. Case managers' responsibilities are usually focused on serving a specific population, such as adolescents or adults, or clients suffering from mental health challenges or substance abuse.
They may help clients identify areas where assistance is needed, develop a plan for obtaining that help, offer skills training and be available to help on an on-call or emergency basis. Case managers also maintain client files and write reports as required. Case managers can be employed by individual and family services agencies, as well as local community rehabilitation centers or state and local government agencies.
In many cases, employers seek candidates with a bachelor's degree in psychology or a closely related field. On-the-job training is common. Desired skills may include the ability to drive, strong interpersonal, communication and leadership skills and familiarity with using computers.
Career Outlook and Salary
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts that social workers will see a 12% employment growth between 2014 and 2024, due in part to an increasing elderly segment of the population and the increasing demand for services to care for them. The BLS reported that social workers earned a median salary of $45,900 per year in 2015.
Probation officers supervise offenders who have been convicted of a crime and served their time, making the transition back to living in their home community, or who have been assigned probation instead of a jail sentence. They meet with offenders and their families, help them develop a plan for adjusting back to civilian life and refer them to social services for additional help as needed. Keeping track of offenders' electronic monitoring and drug test results is also part of a probation officer's role, as well as preparing reports on client progress.
A bachelor's degree is a common requirement for employment as a probation officer and some have their degree in psychology. State and federal probation officer training is often conducted through specialized training academies. Upon completion of the program, prospective probation officers may have to complete a certification exam. In addition, they are generally hired with a probationary or trainee status. On-the-job experience and continuing education training may allow for a limited degree of specialization, such as in working with clients affected by substance abuse.
Career Outlook and Salary
The BLS reports that large numbers of probation officers are expected to retire soon, although public funding may be an issue and negatively impact the number of new hires. Therefore, BLS predicts only 4% job growth between 2014 and 2024. In 2015, probation officers and correctional treatment specialists earned a median salary of $49,360 per year, according to the BLS.
Insight managers develop methodologies and tools for the purpose of collecting and analyzing data about human behavior for companies or organizations that would like to know more about their customers. They may also use established, syndicated research tools. This information is used to develop marketing, competitive intelligence and branding activities and build customer relationships.
Employers generally prefer to hire candidates with a master's degree in psychology or a related field. Previous related experience is also important to attaining a job in this field, as is experience using statistical or market research software packages.
Career Outlook and Salary
The BLS reports that market research analyst, a career with job responsibilities, duties and qualifications that align very closely with insight managers, can expect to see 19% growth in employment between 2014 and 2024. The availability of consumer information and related data and the ability of companies to use it to measure customer care, product development and marketing effectiveness, may influence this growth. The BLS indicates that market research analysts earned a median annual salary of $62,150 in 2015.
Clinical psychologists work with patients to address behavioral, emotional and mental health care needs. Responsibilities may include screening patients, identifying conditions that warrant treatment, developing appropriate treatment plans and providing psychological care using techniques like psychotherapy, according to job postings from USAjobs.gov. They may also work with related professionals like psychiatrists, medical support staff or social workers to coordinate care.
Psychologists are required to hold a doctoral degree, either a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) or Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) and have completed an American Psychological Association-accredited professional internship. State licensing is also typically required, which generally includes work experience and a passing score on the Examination for Professional Practice in Psychology. Some employers may require specialty certification through the American Board of Professional Psychology.
Career Outlook and Salary
The BLS predicts that clinical, counseling, and school psychologists will see employment growth of 20% between 2014 and 2024 due to an expected increase in demand for mental health services through mental health centers, hospitals. It indicates that this demand might come from a variety of populations, such as the aged and veterans. The BLS also reports that the median salary for clinical, counseling and school psychologists was $70,580 per year in 2015.
With a degree in psychology and human behavior there are many career options. Graduates can pursue careers in social work or clinical psychology in which they may counsel individuals about issues in their lives. Probation officers supervise offenders and help them reintegrate into society after release from jail. Insight managers analyze consumers for companies so that they can improve the effectiveness of their marketing and branding.