Public administration students learn how to set public policy, communicate effectively, create budgets and understand financial reports. Organizing people and assets, mediating conflicts and designing programs are also covered in bachelor's and master's degree programs. Health care administrators, urban planners and city managers are all examples of public administration positions. Other possible careers include non-profit management, court administration and community organization.
|Career||Medical and Health Services Administrator||Urban and Regional Planner||City Manager|
|Education Requirements||Bachelor's degree||Master's Degree||Bachelor's Degree|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)||23%||10%||8-14% (managers in all fields)|
|Average Salary (2014)*||$103,680||$69,010||$117,200|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Careers in public administration are varied and demand a wide set of skills. Because of the importance of these jobs in the public sphere, postsecondary degrees and related experience are greatly valued by employers. Read on for job descriptions and and educational requirements for healthcare administrators, urban and regional planners, and city managers.
Medical and Health Services Administrator
Health care administrators manage organizations such as hospitals and clinics. Duties can vary widely, depending on specialization and level within the organization. Clinical health care administrators might oversee trauma care or surgery departments, while general administrators manage the overall functioning of an entire practice or organization. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that employment of health care administrators, also called medical and health services managers, is expected to increase by 23% from 2012-2022, reflecting the overall growth of the healthcare industry (www.bls.gov). The BLS also reported that, as of May 2013, mean earnings for this field were $101,340 per year. A master's degree in public administration is often necessary for these positions.
Urban and Regional Planner
Urban and regional planners help local governments determine how land will be used in order to solve various public problems. In addition to planning the building of parks, roads and other infrastructure, they also help write environmental and social legislation. In 2013, the BLS reported an average annual salary of $67,920 for urban and regional planners and predicted 10% growth in employment between 2012 and 2022. Some urban planners have earned a master's degree in public administration.
City managers fill the role of chief executive for cities that operate under a council-manager government system. Their job responsibilities are largely similar to other government executives. They oversee city departments, hire and fire administrative personnel and departmental heads, create and adhere to a yearly budget each and communicate with citizens. Unlike mayors, city managers are usually appointed by the city council and do not represent a political party.
Competition for this position is strong because of the large number of qualified applicants who aspire to the office. Salaries vary from city to city, but average annual earnings for local government general and operations managers were $93,830 in May of 2013, according to the BLS. While not always required, many city managers have a master's degree in public administration or a similar area. A bachelor's degree is often the minimum education required.