Mental Health Counselor: Education & Career Requirements

Mental health counselors require a significant amount of formal education. Learn more about the education, licensing requirements and job duties to see if this is the right career for you.

Essential Information

Mental health counselors are trained in the use of various therapies to assist clients with long-term mental and emotional issues, as well as more isolated issues like job problems. Requiring empathy and excellent listening skills, this career is best for individuals who are emotionally stable. In order to become a licensed mental health counselor in most states, a master's degree is required.

Required EducationMaster's degree
Other RequirementsState licensing
Certification Options Voluntary certifications, such as the National Certified Counselor, Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselor and Master Addictions Counselor are available
Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*29%
Average Salary (2013)*$43,700

Source:*U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Educational Requirements for Mental Health Counselors

In order to become a licensed mental health counselor in most states, a master's degree is required. Schools offer master's degrees in counseling, psychology and other related mental health fields. Admissions requirements into a master's degree program generally include completion of a bachelor's degree and obtaining a minimum score on the Graduate Record Examination (GRE). Curricula for master's degree programs in the mental health fields may encompass classes such as cognitive psychology, counseling psychology and professional ethics.

Licensure Requirements for Mental Health Counselors

For mental health counselors, becoming licensed typically means that a counselor can practice independently. Although licensure requirements may vary by state, licensure is always a way of demonstrating that a mental health counselor has met certain minimum professional standards. Licensed counselors usually possess master's degrees in mental health fields, have finished two years of clinical work with licensed or certified mental health practitioners following graduation and have passed licensing exams.

Certification Information for Mental Health Counselors

Certification is voluntary for mental health counselors but may be a career benefit. The National Board for Certified Counselors offers a couple certification options for counselors ( The National Certified Counselor (NCC) credential is the baseline designation, which may be earned by either graduates of counseling graduate programs or licensed professionals. Requirements to earn the NCC designation vary depending on the type of applicant, but always include passing the National Counselor Examination for Licensure and Certification (NCE).

Those who have earned the NCC credential may opt to earn the Certified Clinical Mental Health Counselor (CCMHC) designation. Applicants must pass the National Clinical Mental Health Counselor Examination (NCMHCE) and demonstrate a certain number of hours of counseling experience. NCCs who have experience as addiction counselors may also earn the Master Addictions Counselor (MAC) designation. Those who apply for this credential must pass the Examination for Master Addictions Counselors (EMAC).

Career and Salary Information

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), (, reports that mental health counselors should expect a 29% increase in job growth between 2012 and 2022. Additionally, the BLS reported that the average annual salary for these counselors was $43,700 in May of 2013.

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