Criminal Profiler: Job Description, Duties and Requirements
Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a criminal profiler. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about degree programs, job duties and training to find out if this is the career for you.
Law enforcement agencies rely on criminal profilers to help them identify suspects in an investigation. Profilers use the details of a crime, including evidence and witness testimony, to determine a behavior pattern as well as develop a psychological portrait of the suspect. This allows law enforcement officials to focus their search on suspects who fit this profile. Individuals who work as profilers typically have a degree in criminal justice, psychology or behavioral science.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree in criminal justice, psychology or similar field; graduate degree in forensic psychology is also an option|
|Other Requirements||Candidates may be trained through the FBI's Behavioral Science Unit|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||5% (for all detectives and police officers)|
|Median Salary (2013)*||$76,730 annually (for detectives and criminal investigators)|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Criminal profilers review evidence at crime scenes to figure out how a crime took place. This evidence helps profilers determine details about a suspect such as the person's height and the dominant hand the perpetrator used during the crime. Criminal profilers may also work on older unsolved cases to develop a suspect profile in which law enforcement can use during an investigation.
Profilers may work within a police department, the federal government or independently as a consultant. They may research and analyze case files at the request of the police, attorneys or the families of crime victims, and then offer their opinion on the type of suspect they should be looking for.
Salary and Employment Outlook
While the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) doesn't have data specifically for criminal profilers, it stated employment for detectives and police officers was expected to increase by five percent from 2012 until 2022. The median salary for detectives and criminal investigators was $76,730, the BLS reported in May 2013.
Individuals who are interested in becoming criminal profilers may want to obtain a bachelor's degree in psychology, social sciences, criminal justice or behavioral science. Degree programs in criminal justice are available with a concentration in forensic investigation and provide training in criminology, criminal procedures, law enforcement, criminal law, evidence gathering, social psychology and criminal investigation. Graduate degree programs in forensic psychology also provide the educational background needed to work as a profiler.
Individuals may also become criminal profilers through the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The FBI's Behavioral Science Unit offers training in criminal behavior, psychopathology, crisis management, death investigation management and criminology to law enforcement officers, the U.S. military, new FBI agents and other personnel, government intelligence officers and others.