Dental radiologists, also known as oral radiologists or oral and maxillofacial radiologists, are dentists who specialize in using various radiographic and digital images to diagnose and treat patients. Dental school graduates must complete a clinical residency in order to become certified oral and maxillofacial radiologists.
|Required Education||Doctor of Dental Surgery or Doctor of Dental Medicine degree, along with 1-year or 2-year residency in oral radiology|
|Other Requirements||All dentists must be licensed; specialty licensure usually required|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)*||16% for all dentists|
|Average Salary (2013)*||$168,870 for all dentists|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Salary and Outlook for Dental Radiologists
Although the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) doesn't provide salary information for dental radiologists specifically, all of these professionals are trained dentists, and the average salary for all dentists was $168,870 as of 2013. The BLS projected a favorable outlook for all dentists for the 2012-2022 decade, with an expected 16% increase in available jobs.
Dental Radiologist Job Duties
Dental radiologists are trained to use diagnostic tools, such as X-rays, CT (computed tomography) scans, MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) and PET (positron emission tomography) scans of the head, neck and jaw areas, to diagnose and treat their patients. They sometimes work in conjunction with dentists to conduct clinical exams to find and evaluate diseases, tumors or conditions, such as TMJ (temporomandibular joint disorder). They also might be called upon to refer patients to oral surgeons or to work with those injured in accidents.
As digital imaging becomes more prevalent, dental radiologists likely will need to become proficient with programs that allow X-rays to be digitally uploaded to computers. Also, the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (AAOMR) reported that, as of 2014, dental radiologists were in high demand as professors in teaching hospitals and dental schools (www.aaomr.org).
Education and Career Requirements for Dental Radiologists
Aspiring dental radiologists must complete an accredited 4-year dental school program before they can specialize. According to the American Dental Association, candidates may take the state or national board exams and attain licensure only after attaining a Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.) degree (www.ada.org). Like other dentists, potential dental radiologists should enjoy working with others, be computer literate and possess an astute visual memory and high level of manual dexterity.
Dentists undertake additional clinical studies in oral and maxillofacial radiology for at least two more years. A 2-year certificate program can be taken as a stand-alone program or as part of a 3- to 4-year graduate degree program that prepares graduates for teaching and researching careers. Clinical courses might include diagnostic techniques, special procedures and radiation biology. Continuing education classes in oral and maxillofacial pathology often cover the latest treatment methods.
Once a clinical residency is completed, specialists may take a voluntary certification examination offered by the AAOMR. Some states require additional radiology permits to practice.