Career Definition for a Design Engineer
Design engineers help to conceive and create everything from the latest iPhone to offshore drilling components. The title of design engineer is often tacked on to a narrower specialty, so these professionals might be called everything from a mechanical design engineer to an electrical design engineer or a civil/structure design engineer or even a human factor design engineer.
|Education||Bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in engineering available|
|Job Skills||Math and science background, computer experience, inventive mind, group work|
|Median Salary (2015)||$83,590 for mechanical engineers, $91,310 for materials engineers|
|Job Growth (2014-2024)||5% for mechanical engineers, 1% for materials engineers|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Although there is no specific design engineering degree listed by the National Center for Education Statistics, individuals who graduate with a degree in one of the main branches of engineering - such as mechanical, electrical, civil or computer - can make career choices that focus on design. Possible degrees include a Bachelor of Engineering, a Bachelor of Science in Engineering, a Master's in Engineering, a Master of Science in Engineering, and a Doctor of Engineering. Hopeful design engineers can expect to take classes in calculus, physics, chemistry, writing, computer science and communication in addition to their engineering courses.
A strong background in math and science is a must for any design engineer; in addition, experience in computers is also a requirement for any job in the field. A streak of creativity is a plus for design engineers; crafting innovative components to new products requires an inventive mind. Design engineers must also be comfortable speaking before large groups and writing memos, both of which are routine industry tasks.
Career and Economic Outlook
While the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) does not list data for design engineers specifically, the broader field of mechanical engineering can expect to see an average 5% increase in employment between 2014 and 2024, while materials engineers should expect little, if any, growth during that decade. Mechanical engineers design and test mechanical devices, while materials engineers develop and process materials for use in creating products. As of May 2015, the median annual salary for mechanical engineers was $83,590 while materials engineers brought in a median of $91,130 per year.
Alternate Career Options
You might also consider these options for careers involving engineering:
Mechanical Engineering Technician
These technicians assist mechanical engineers in designing, testing and manufacturing mechanical devices, with an associate's degree background in mechanical engineering technology, preceded by a strong math and science high school education. The BLS predicted slower than average employment growth of 2%, from 2014-2024, and reported an annual median wage of $53,910 in 2015.
Specialized training in drafting may be gained through an associate's degree or a technical certificate program, to learn the skills for using software to convert engineers' and architects' designs into plans and technical drawings. A decline of 3% was expected in the number of available drafters' positions, in general, during the 2014-2024 decade; however the growth for electrical and electronics drafters was predicted to be at 5%. Overall, drafters earned an annual median salary of $52,720 in 2015, with electrical and electronics drafters earning the top wages, per the BLS.