While social workers specializing in substance abuse must possess at least a bachelor's degree in social work or psychology to enter the drug rehabilitation field, nurses need only to be licensed as a registered nurse (RN) in the state they work. Substance abuse counselors face the most requirements, generally needing a master's degree as well as additional experience working in a drug rehabilitation setting.
|Education Requirements||Bachelor's Degree||Master's Degree and experience||RN licensure|
|Job Growth (2012-2022)||19%*||31%*||19%*|
|Median Salary (2014)||$41,380*||$39,270*||$66,640*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Careers in drug rehabilitation can include registered nurses as well as social workers and substance abuse counselors. See below for more information on the roles these positions play in the drug rehabilitation field.
Substance Abuse Counselor
Counselors help those suffering from alcoholism and drug addiction by supporting and treating the client through their rehabilitation process. According to the BLS, jobs for substance abuse counselors are expected to grow at an above-average rate of 31% from 2012-2022, while the median salary of counselors in 2014 was $39,270.
Substance Abuse Social Worker
Social workers are trained to provide a variety of services that help improve the lives of the disadvantaged. Substance abuse social workers provide services similar to a counselor, including group therapy session. A social working my also focus on social rehabilitation, the process of integrating clients back into a social life following cessation of an addiction or discharge from a treatment facility.
The median annual wage for substance abuse social workers in 2014 was $41,380, according to the BLS. At that time, outpatient care centers employed the most of these workers, though the highest salaries were found in home health care services. The BLS projects a 19% employment increase for social workers in general between 2012 and 2022.
Substance Abuse Nurse
These registered nurses often provide support to drug rehabilitation clinics with an intimate knowledge of the effect of drug withdrawal and use. Typically these types of nurses administer select medications that ease the withdrawal symptoms of a drug addict seeking treatment. These nurses generally follow guidelines put forth by the American Society for Addiction Medicine (ASAM), but traditional nursing programs generally do not offer substance abuse specializations.
The BLS does not report specifically on substance abuse nurses, but the overall registered nursing field is expected to experience a 19% job growth rate from 2012-2022, according to BLS projections. BLS data from 2014 indicated a median annual salary of $66,640 for registered nurses at that time.
Requirements for entry into the field of drug rehabilitation vary significantly according to the desired position. Substance abuse nurses generally only need to be licensed as a registered nurse (RN) in the state they wish to work; however, some positions will require the completion of a specialized associate's degree as well. Social workers specializing in substance abuse must possess at least a bachelor's degree in social work or, in rare instances, a related field such as psychology. A master's degree and additional clinical experience in a substance abuse facility are generally required for employment as a substance abuse counselor.