EMT-Intermediate positions require candidates to already be certified as an EMT-Basic. Aspiring technicians then complete an accredited training program in order to acquire a license. Additional requirements include a high school diploma and passing exams.
Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) assist individuals who are involved in medical emergencies, such as heart attacks or car accidents. EMT-2, also known as EMT-Intermediate, is the second-level title available for EMTs. Individuals interested in intermediate training must first complete EMT-Basic training. All EMTs must be certified by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) and licensed by their state.
|Required Education||Certification as an EMT-Basic; completion of EMT-Intermediate training program|
|Certification/Licensure||Mandatory NREMT certification at the EMT-Intermediate level; state licensure required|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)||24% for EMTs and paramedics*|
|Median Salary (2015)||$31,980 for EMTs and paramedics*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
EMT-2 Educational Requirements
To enroll in EMT-2 training programs, individuals must meet some basic eligibility requirements. They must be at least 18 years old, have completed the equivalent of a high school education and have finished EMT-Basic training programs. All EMT-2 students must be currently licensed and certified by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) as EMT-Basic, which would include holding current CPR certification. Programs may include additional requirements, such as being vaccinated for diseases or having a certain level of mathematical competency.
The instruction provided in EMT-2 training programs can vary greatly from state to state. These programs require their students to have obtained anywhere from 30-350 hours of training, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov). EMT-2 training programs build upon the knowledge previously gained in EMT-Basic programs. Students receive more advanced training in dealing with traumatic situations and administering medical care to patients. This can include advanced airway skills, proper administration of intravenous fluids and drawing blood. EMT-2 education also includes understanding things such as:
- Defibrillator use
- Spinal immobilization
- Medication administration
- Bleeding control
- Traumatic support
In order to become an EMT-2, a student must complete an approved training program and obtain EMT-Intermediate certification from the NREMT. All states require that individuals become certified in order to legally work in the field. To obtain certification, candidates must pass both cognitive and psychomotor exams, which involve demonstrating intermediate-level emergency skills.
After receiving certification, individuals must complete continuing education, actively work in emergency settings and re-register every two years to remain EMTs-2. Some of the areas of continuing education available include:
- Children and infant care
- Trauma situations
- Medical emergencies
- Airway, breathing and cardiology
- Obstetrics and pediatrics
Career and Salary Information
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reported that EMTs and paramedics earned an annual median salary of $31,980 in May 2015. For the years 2014-2024, the BLS also predicts a 24% employment growth for paramedics and EMTs.
EMT-Intermediate positions usually require a high school degree or a GED, and candidates must already be CMT-Basic certified and then complete an additional program and pass an exam. The job growth outlook in this field is much faster than the job market as a whole.