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Freight Agent: Job Description, Duties and Requirements

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a freight agent. Get a quick view of the requirements, including job duties, training and licensure, to find out if this is the right career for you.

Freight agents work in many transportation industries, managing shipping logistics. These positions have few education requirements, and some may need to obtain licensing. The average annual salary in this profession is about $44,000.

Essential Information

Freight agents work in the transportation industry to help organize the logistics, documentation and tracking of shipments by boat, air and trucks. This job generally only requires applicants to have a high school diploma and complete on-the-job training, though cargo-specific licensing may be required for some positions.

Required Education High school diploma or equivalent
Other Requirements Government license may be required, depending on type of cargo
Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)* 7%
Average Salary (2015)* $44,470

Source:*U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Freight Agent Job Description

Freight agents manage incoming and outgoing shipping logistics for cargo transportation carriers and shipping companies. They use a computer system to network and allocate resources to efficiently distribute cargo. A freight agent also determines shipping costs, finds the most efficient shipping route and tracks the location of the cargo.

Duties of a Freight Agent

Freight agents are expected to perform several duties. An agent's primary duty is to act as a logistics specialist making sure that the most effective way of transportation of goods is utilized for a client. Everything from government regulations, costs, carrier storage, documentation requirements and even banking policies may be the responsibility of the agent. Often, agents may also be required to enter data about goods and carriers into computer databases for future use.

Requirements for Freight Agents

General Requirements

Freight agent positions have very few requirements in terms of education and work experience. A high school diploma is the only entry-level education requirement. Often, duties are learned on-the-job with novice agents working in related low tier jobs, such as checking address labels for accuracy. As agent trainees become experienced, requirements increase with decreasing oversight.

A sizeable amount of agents use computer systems to deal with organizing logistics. While computer proficiency is not a prerequisite, those with such knowledge may have increased opportunities for employment. Knowledge in systems such as IES, Magaya and other logistics forwarding software may prove beneficial for starting freight agents.

Other Requirements

Some freight agents may need licensed by a government organization depending on what type of cargo the client wants shipped and business operations. For instance, agents who perform freight forwarding for truck carriers in the United States need to be licensed by the Department of Motor Carriers Safety Association (DMCSA). Licensing generally involves completing an application based on business information.

Salary and Job Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that jobs for cargo and freight agents will increase by 7 percent from 2014-2024. In May 2015, the BLS reported that cargo and freight agents earned a mean annual salary of $44,470.

Freight agents usually require only a high school diploma or a GED and receive training on the job. Some positions may require licensing, depending on the type of cargo being transported. These positions have a job growth prospect about as fast as all jobs.

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