Login

General Counsel Jobs: Career Options and Requirements

Learn about the education and preparation needed to become a general counsel. Get a quick view of the requirements as well as details about training, job duties, and possible career paths within this field to find out if this is the career for you.

View popular schools

Whether making business arrangements or running a university, many companies and organizations require a legal expert to provide legal advice or defense. A common way they do this is by hiring a general counsel.

Essential Information

A general counsel is the head lawyer of an organization. They typically head a team of attorneys and may work for organizations ranging from universities and school districts to corporations, banks or the government. General counsels typically begin their career as attorneys and therefore must complete law school and pass the bar exam.

Required Education Bachelor's and Juris Doctor
Other Requirements Must pass the bar exam
Projected Job Growth (2014-2024) 6% for all lawyers*
Median Salary (2015) $115,820 for all lawyers*

Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Career Options

There are many different organizations that employ a general counsel. Some of these organizations include schools, both universities and public school districts, state bar associations, corporations, and banks. Read on for more information on the role of a general counsel in these institutions.

University or School District General Counsel

The role of a general counsel within a university is to minimize the school's exposure to litigation by practicing preventive law. He or she also provides the day-to-day legal services needed to run a university. The general counsel is usually the head of a team of attorneys who work in the office of the general counsel.

Some school districts also employ a general counsel. A school district's general counsel advises the superintendent and the school board on district policies, as well as provides legal training to school board members, school principals and support staff.

General Counsel of a Bar Association

Bar associations, including the American Bar Association, often employ a general counsel. The general counsel of a state bar association, for example, hears complaints about the misconduct or incapacity of the state's attorneys. In addition to taking formal complaint statements, the general counsel and the members of his or her office serve as a disciplinary board for attorneys.

Corporate General Counsel

A corporate general counsel is the head lawyer for an individual corporation. He or she may be a full-time employee of the business or may be contracted from a private firm. Large companies may have a team of in-house lawyers headed by a general counsel. The general counsel handles all of the corporation's legal transactions, from real estate to mergers and acquisitions. Litigation, however, is often contracted to outside legal firms.

Options in the Banking Industry

Banks also employ attorneys. The general counsel at a bank may deal with the legal issues involved in investment management, setting up trusts, administering estates, dealing with estate taxes and portfolio management. Some bank general counsels also deal with tax planning and advising; in this case, he or she must also be a certified public accountant (CPA).

Find schools that offer these popular programs

  • Advanced Legal Research
  • Comparative Law
  • Energy and Environmental Law
  • Financial, Banking, and Securities Law
  • Health Law
  • International Business, Trade, and Tax Law
  • International Law
  • Law Degree
  • PreLaw Studies
  • Programs for Foreign Lawyers
  • Tax Law
  • US Law

Education Requirements

Prospective general counsels begin their education by earning a bachelor's degree from a 4-year university. Some students complete a pre-law curriculum, though students from any major may be accepted into law school. After completing an undergraduate degree program, a prospective law student must take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT). An LSAT score is required for admission by American Bar Association accredited law schools.

Law School

A typical law school program takes three years. The first year and a half are spent studying general law courses and the second year and a half are spent studying a specialization, such as environmental law, international law, probate law or finance. Many law schools also offer clinical programs in which students gain hands-on experience working with clients. Law students may also gain experience through mock-trial programs, participating in legal research or writing for scholarly journals. Students graduate with a Juris Doctor (J.D.) degree.

Licensure

After graduating law school, attorneys must be admitted to a state bar, a form of licensure, in order to practice law. There is no national examination; however, 48 states and several U.S. territories use the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) as a measure of professional competence required for admission to the bar. Several states also require the Multistate Essay Examination (MEE).

Experience

A common career path for corporate general counsels is to begin working in transactional law and move up to general counsel after 3-5 years of experience. Some corporations prefer general counsels with experience that emphasizes business, while others prefer those with an emphasis on law.

Salary Information and Job Outlook

The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) predicts a job growth of 6% for lawyers between 2014 and 2024, which is about average for all U.S. occupations. In 2015, the BLS reported that most lawyers earned from $55,870 to more than $174,280 per year, with the highest average salaries coming from the District of Columbia, California, Delaware and New York. The median salary for all lawyers in 2015 was $115,820, according to the BLS.

General counsels may work for banks, businesses, school districts, or even bar associations. In order to become a general counsel, lawyers must first gain several years of experience as attorneys.

Next: View Schools

What is your highest level of education?

Some College
Complete your degree or find the graduate program that's right for you.
High School Diploma
Explore schools that offer bachelor and associate degrees.
Still in High School
Earn your diploma of GED. Plan your undergraduate education.

Schools you may like:

Popular Schools

The listings below may include sponsored content but are popular choices among our users.

  • What is your highest level of education completed?

    • Master of Arts in Government - Law and Public Policy
    • Master of Arts in Law - General Legal Studies
    • Master of Arts in Law - Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Science in Paralegal Studies
    • Bachelor of Arts in Government - Pre-Law
    • Bachelor of Arts in Leadership Studies - Government
    • Bachelor of Applied Science in Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Arts in Leadership Studies - Criminal Justice
    • Bachelor of Science in Criminal Justice

    What is your highest level of education completed?

  • What is your highest level of education?

    • BA in Legal Studies
    • BA in Criminal Justice
    • AA in Criminal Justice
    • AA in Paralegal Studies

    What is your highest level of education?

    • MS in Criminal Justice: Legal Studies
    • Master of Public Administration - Government and Policy

    What is your highest level of education?

  • What is your highest level of education completed?

    • Master of Public Administration - Criminal Justice
    • B.S. Criminal Justice
    • B.S. General Studies - Criminal Justice
    • A.S. Criminal Justice
    • A.S. General Studies - Criminal Justice
    • Undergraduate Certificate - Criminal Justice

    What is your highest level of education?

  • What is your highest level of education completed?

    • Doctor of Psychology - Criminology and Justice Studies
    • Master of Arts in Psychology - Criminology and Justice Studies

    What is your highest level of education?

    • MS in Criminal Justice - Intelligence & Crime Analysis Track

    What is your highest level of education completed?

Find your perfect school

What is your highest level of education?