Hair stylists, sometimes referred to as cosmetologists, and barbers are personal appearance professionals who style, cut and color hair. They can work in their own shops, at large salons or for modeling agencies. In addition to good styling and barbering techniques, these individuals need strong marketing and customer service skills to increase their earnings. Hair stylists and barbers generally complete training programs in their field, and in most states they must be licensed.
|Required Education||Barber program||Cosmetology program|
|Other Requirements||State licensure||State licensure|
|Projected Job Growth (2012-2022)||11%*||13%*|
|Median Salary (2013)||$25,010*||$23,140*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), most states require hair stylists and barbers to graduate from a school that is licensed by the state (www.bls.gov). Most schools combine classroom time with practicing on mannequins and live models. Many programs accept financial aid and provide their graduates with job-placement assistance.
Hair stylist programs include coursework in coloring, shampooing, haircutting and styling. Barbering programs include courses on sterilization methods, hygiene and grooming techniques. In addition to techniques, many programs offer a marketing or sales course to teach students the skills needed to build and maintain a client base. The BLS states that most of these programs last nine months or longer.
Most states have licensing requirements that include a minimum number of training hours and an age limit. Some states may have education or apprenticeship requirements. After completing a program, individuals must pass their state's licensing examination.
Career Outlook and Salary Information
The BLS estimated that employment for barbers is expected to increase 11% in the years 2012-2022. Hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists are grouped together, and the BLS predicts a 13% job growth for these workers in the same 2012-2022 decade.
According to the BLS, the median annual earnings of cosmetologists, hairstylists and hairdressers were $23,140 in 2013. The BLS also reported that barbers earned $25,010 as a median annual salary in May 2013.