Hospice chaplains need to hold a master's degree and have completed Clinical Pastoral Education. They are required to be ordained ministers and usually need certification. Hospice chaplains work in hospitals, nursing homes, health care facilities and patients' homes.
Hospice chaplains are members of an interdisciplinary team of medical professionals and other allied health staff who provide care and comfort to patients nearing end of life because of terminal illnesses. Hospice is generally intended to encompass care for the 'whole person', and chaplains are trained to support medical care from a spiritual and emotional perspective. To be officially certified, which is required by many employers, chaplains must earn a master's degree and complete Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE).
|Required Education|| Undergraduate degree in applicable subject;
Master's degree in theology, divinity, or pastoral studies;
Internship or Clinical Pastoral Education (separately or concurrently with master's degree)
|Licensure/Certification||Certification often required|
|Other Requirements||Employers often require candidates be ordained/commissioned ministers and endorsed by a recognized faith group|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)||6% (for all types of clergy) *|
|Median Salary (2015)||$44,250 annually (for all types of clergy)*|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Job Description for a Hospice Chaplain
Hospice chaplains provide spiritual support to terminally ill patients and their families. Chaplains generally work in hospitals, nursing homes and other health care facilities but may also visit patients in their homes. These professionals make spiritual assessments of patients, taking into account mental, emotional, physical and spiritual stresses, and respond with appropriate counseling and care.
Chaplains are members of the interdisciplinary team, which is a group of specialists and professionals that provides guidance and support. Accordingly, they assist the medical staff in developing an individualized plan of care for each patient. Individualized plans may include daily spiritual consultations and performance of sacraments.
Hospice Chaplain's Duties
A hospice chaplain's primary responsibility is to provide emotional and spiritual counseling to patients and their families. Other duties may include submitting written reports on patient interactions and acting as liaisons between members of the clergy and hospice patients. Chaplains don't replace clergy members but rather are there to offer further support and communicate the needs of the patient. Additionally, chaplains provide bereavement services, including phone calls, visits and memorial services, to family members upon the death of a patient.
Requirements for a Hospice Chaplain
Most chaplains have earned a bachelor's degree in religious studies or a related subject and a master's degree in theology, divinity or pastoral studies. Courses may include biblical interpretation, human development and crises management. Master's degree programs require the completion of 72 semester hours, generally last three years and may include an internship or one unit of Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). The Association for Clinical Pastoral Education defines one of unit of CPE as 400 hours of supervised meetings with persons in crises and includes ministry and peer evaluation.
Although the specific requirements for certification may vary based on affiliation, most organizations require chaplains to be ordained or commissioned to minister. Additionally, applicants must present a letter of endorsement for chaplaincy from a recognized faith group. Lastly, chaplains must have obtained an M.A. in Theology or a related subject and accrued four units of CPE. Maintenance of certification varies by institution but generally includes continuing education, a peer evaluation and an updated letter of endorsement.
Employment Outlook and Salary Information
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (the BLS) predicts 6% employment growth for clergy members from 2014-2024. In 2015, the median annual salary for all types of clergy, according to the BLS, was $44,250.
Hospice chaplains provide spiritual comfort and help develop care plans for terminally ill patients. Later, they often perform bereavement services after a patient's death. They require a master's degree and certification, and need to be ordained to minister. Demand for hospice chaplains is expected to grow at an average rate of 6% through the year 2024.