How to Become a Food Critic: Step-by-Step Career Guide
Research the requirements to become a food critic. Learn about the job description, and read the step-by-step process to start a career as a food critic.
Do I Want to Be a Food Critic?
Food critics test and review dishes eaten in restaurants. They often try a variety of dishes and also might comment on the restaurant's service and atmosphere. Food critics work for newspapers, magazines and food-related websites. As a type of writer or journalist, food critics must strive to gain credibility with their readers. Many jobs are freelance, and there may be intense competition for positions.
Food critics typically possess a bachelor's degree, writing experience and a thorough knowledge of food. In today's digital climate, familiarity with computers and various forms of social media is also imperative. The following table outlines the core requirements for food critics, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics:
|Degree Level||Bachelor's degree|
|Degree Fields||English, communication, journalism or a related liberal arts field|
|Experience||Several years of journalism experience|
|Key Skills||Strong written communication, creativity and critical thinking|
|Computer Skills||Knowledge of word processing, online publishing and social media software|
Step 1: Earn a Bachelor's Degree
Food critics need to capture the taste, appearance, smell and texture of a dish in their reviews, so candidates for the position must have excellent communication skills. Students can gain the necessary writing ability through a degree program in English, journalism or communication. Aspiring food critics also might choose to enroll in a culinary program or take courses in the culinary arts to learn about food composition, chemistry and cooking techniques. Some schools offer courses in food media or food reviewing. Food critics are expected to write in a professional but honest manner, so students should sharpen their critical thinking skills and learn to express unfavorable opinions in a clear and well-reasoned way.
- Try a variety of foods. In addition to cultivating an original writing voice, food critics need to expose themselves to foods of all types and backgrounds. Students can broaden their knowledge by eating unfamiliar or unappealing foods and analyzing each of the components in a dish. Reading published food reviews can give aspiring critics an idea of what aspects to focus on.
- Gain practical experience. Students can build their knowledge and skills by completing a food writing internship. Interns might conduct research and compose stories about restaurants, nutrition or culinary news. Other options including writing a food-related column for the college's newspaper or managing a food blog.
Step 2: Get Work Experience
Food critics can build their writing and reviewing skills at a newspaper, magazine or online publication. Writers or reporters might be able to advance to a food critic position by gaining experience with an employer and producing a collection of original reviews. Candidates also can work as freelance food writers. Prospective critics should be familiar with the preparation, arrangement and serving of restaurant dishes, so working in a restaurant can add to their credentials. They also might make it a point to travel and taste foreign dishes to widen their culinary perspective.
- Join a professional organization. Networks such as the Association of Food Journalists and the Society of Professional Journalists offer resources for journalists, including networking opportunities, industry guides and conferences.
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