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Find out how to become a licensed dog trainer. Research the education and training requirements and learn about the experience you need to advance your career.
Behind every guide dog, rescue dog or bomb-sniffing dog, there is a professional dog trainer who developed the dog's abilities. Trainers also work with hunting dogs, race dogs and family pets. Dog trainers may work in pet stores, for professional organizations or run their own business. Care must be taken when working with aggressive or nervous dogs.
|Degree Level||High school diploma or equivalent; postsecondary training is often helpful|
|Licensure and Certification||May be required for certain types of dog trainers|
|Experience||Varies; some employers may not require any experience|
|Key Skills||Possess compassion and patience towards dogs and owners, physical stamina, excellent customer-service and oral communication skills, basic computer software competence, and the ability to work in group and independently|
|Salary (2014)||$25,770 (Median salary for all animal trainers)|
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor of Statistics; Job posting from various employers (August 2015); Guide Dogs of America
Dog trainers usually begin working with dogs early in their lives. They enjoy being around animals, and dogs respond well to them. In addition to training their own dogs, they may work at kennels and dog racetracks, volunteer in animal shelters or foster puppies in service-dog training programs. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics indicates that animal trainers, including dog trainers, typically have a high school diploma or equivalent.
While dog trainers may teach themselves through books, videos, seminars and hands-on practice, structured training programs are becoming more common. Community colleges and both private and public trade schools offer programs leading to a certificate in dog training. Professional dog-trainer associations also offer classes ranging from basic obedience training to competitive showing. Another option is to become an apprentice to a professional trainer.
Training programs may include instruction on these topics: dog behavior and communication, dealing with behavioral problems, obedience training, general and competition-level, puppy training and socialization and dog biology.
Organizations and facilities that hire dog trainers may include animal shelters, pet stores, private dog-training businesses, dog breeders, vets and even community organizations, such as 4-H and local recreation departments. Certification typically isn't required for entry-level jobs. However, it is important to gain experience with a variety of dog breeds and training situations.
Dog trainers may set up their own business to train a specific type of dog, such as pets, hunting dogs, show dogs, service dogs, police dogs, race dogs or rescue animals. Alternatively, they may work for another dog trainer in one of those areas.
Identifying a niche in dog training steers a trainer toward the types of continuing education and certification that will be most helpful. For example, certification requirements are different for pet training and police-dog training. Some organizations, such as schools for guide dogs or law-enforcement dogs, may require trainers to undergo apprenticeships with certified instructors.
State licensure may be mandatory for some dog trainers, but these situations are uncommon. Certification isn't required for all dog trainers, but it is recommended in order to separate oneself from the field. Dog trainers specializing in service dogs, such as seeing-eye dogs, or working animals, such as K-9 officers, are usually required to be certified trainers.
While some schools with dog-training programs offer certificates, certification is obtained through an independent professional association. The certification process requires proof of both knowledge and skill in dog training. For instance, the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers requires education, experience and testing to earn the Certified Professional Dog Trainer designation.