How to Become a Medication Technician: Step-by-Step Career Guide

Research the requirements to become a medication technician. Learn about the job description and duties, and read the step-by-step process to start a career in health care.

Should I Become a Medication Technician?

Medication technicians are responsible for providing patients with non-injectable prescription medications. These professionals work under the supervision of registered nurses or other medical staff to prepare, distribute and monitor the effects of a patient's medication. Common places of employment include retirement centers and nursing homes. This job may require standing for extended periods of time.

Career Requirements

Degree Level Postsecondary certificate or award
Licensure and Certification Nursing assistant certification; medication technician/aide certification
Experience One year of experience is often required
Key Skills Excellent communication and organizational skills
Salary $28,481 annual median wage as of August 2015

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Job postings by employers (July 2012),

Step 1: Become a Certified Nursing Assistant

Many states require prospective medication technicians to be registered and employed as nurse aides or certified nursing assistants (CNA). To become a CNA, an individual must complete a training program through a community college, vocational school or healthcare organization. These programs usually last several weeks and combine classroom education with hands-on experience. After completion of the program, graduates must pass their state's competency exam.

Success Tip:

  • Prepare for the exam. Students should review any materials received in class before taking the exam. CNA exam preparation courses are available at some schools as well.

Step 2: Gain Work Experience

Many states require CNAs to work a certain number of hours before applying to a medication technician training program. Certified nursing assistants can gain experience by working in assisted living homes.

Step 3: Complete Medication Technician Training

Medication technician training programs are often available at community colleges. Common areas of study include medical terminology, infection control and human anatomy. Most programs consist of both classroom and hands-on experience; programs can usually be completed in three months or less.

Step 4: Obtain Certification

After completing an approved training program, aspiring medication technicians must take and pass their state's certification exam. Individuals who pass this exam are often placed on a state registry.

Step 5: Opportunities for Career Advancement

Once a medication technician has obtained certification, requirements for renewal of the certification vary by state. In some cases, certified medication technicians must work a set number of hours in a 2-year period. Completion of a clinical update course may be required as well. A medication technician may also wish to pursue further education which can allow them to specialize in a branch of care such as geriatrics.

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