Becoming a Pre-Kindergarten Teacher
Pre-kindergarten teachers instruct children using several methods, including play, art and storytelling. These teachers are usually trained in early childhood education and commonly work with students from ages 3-5. Working with small, active children can be challenging, patience and empathy are often called for when working with youngsters and their parents. Work is available on a full time basis and work schedule can vary from a year round to a 10-months school year.
In some states, certification is required for preschool teachers. The education requirements vary and range from a high school diploma with experience in care centers to an associate degree for Head Start programs to a bachelor's degree for teachers in public schools. Work experience with children is also usually required to teach pre-kindergarten.
Some states require certification or professional credentialing, such as the Child Development Associate title, or the Child Care Professional title. Public schools require pre-kindergarten teachers to get a license, pass a background check, and receive mandatory immunizations. These professionals must have key skills, such as flexibility, creativity, a nurturing demeanor, patience, strong verbal communication, strong organization, and an ability to work with spreadsheet and data entry software.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, preschool teachers made a median annual salary of $28,570 per year in 2015.
Now let's go over some of the steps to becoming a pre-kindergarten teacher in more detail.
Step 1: Obtain a High School Diploma
Pre-kindergarten teachers in childcare centers are generally required to have at least a high school diploma. While in high school, courses in English, psychology, and public speaking can provide valuable knowledge to aspiring preschool teachers. High school students interested in becoming preschool teachers should develop strong verbal communication skills and proficient reading comprehension skills since they will be writing many lesson plans when they are teachers.
Step 2: Gain Work Experience
In order to work as a pre-kindergarten teacher or gain certification, some experience in a relevant field is typically required. Aspiring pre-kindergarten teachers might work in childcare facilities or they may work as teaching assistants in order to gain the experience that certification agencies and potential employers require.
Step 3: Obtain Certification
Some states and most employers require pre-kindergarten teachers to meet certification requirements in early childhood education. This can include credentials such as the Child Development Associate (CDA) or the Child Care Professional (CCP) certification. In order to earn these credentials, individuals must have a high school diploma, experience working with children, and meet other qualifications. This is different from state licensing, which public schools require pre-kindergarten teachers to have.
Aspiring pre-kindergarten teachers can also:
- Enroll in continuing education courses. Teachers are often required to participate in ongoing professional development opportunities in order to keep their licenses current.
Step 4: Earn a College Degree
Public schools and Head Start programs require pre-kindergarten teachers to have either an associate degree or a bachelor's degree in early childhood education. Public schools require teachers to have at least a bachelor's degree. Prospective pre-kindergarten teachers who already hold a bachelor's degree in a field other than education may consider enrolling in alternative certification programs. In 2013, Head Start began requiring 50% of its teachers to have a bachelor's degree in early childhood education, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
A field experience component is required to complete education programs, and can provide aspiring teachers with valuable hands-on experience.
States require fingerprinting and background checks for individuals working within the public school system, including pre-kindergarten teachers.
Step 5: Earn Licensure
In order to teach pre-kindergarten in a public school, an individual in this field is required to have at least a bachelor's degree and needs to be licensed by the state. State licensure requirements vary for public school teachers, but a bachelor's degree and a student teaching experience are typically required. To advance your teaching career, you need to obtain licensure, which immediately opens up more employment offerings not only at private schools but public schools as well.
In summary, pre-kindergarten teachers should have at least a high school diploma and experience in childcare. Some states and employers will require them to have a degree in early childhood education and licensure, or certification, as well.