Jailers and Correctional Officers
Correctional officers or jailers enforce rules and monitor the behavior of prisoners, including those awaiting trial. These officers generally need an eye for detail and the ability to calmly react with authority in a crisis. Strong written and oral communication skills are also needed in this occupation that holds the potential for violence.
Correctional officers need the minimum of a high school diploma. However, some agencies require a college degree before potential officers attend a training academy. People who want to become correctional officers typically pursue postsecondary education in a related field, such as criminal justice, criminology, psychology or a similar discipline. Licensure requirement varies by state. Voluntary professional certification is available. For those wanting to work in a federal prison, up to three years of experience may be required. Correctional officers need self discipline, critical thinking skills, interpersonal skills, basic computer and word processing competence, stress management skills and physical strength in order to be successful. The median salary for correctional officers and jailers as of May 2015 was $40,530, as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Step 1: Get an Education
Obtaining a high school diploma is the first step in becoming a correctional officer. A postsecondary degree isn't always required, but certain positions may require some college education, according to the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and will allow for quicker advancement within the field. Relevant associate's programs in criminal justice, corrections or corrections administration generally involve two years of study. At some schools, these programs can be taken in conjunction with a training academy program. Common courses include parole, correctional law, prisoner supervision and psychology.
Step 2: Complete Training
Next, jailers and correctional officers participate in training academies administered by government agencies or take jailer courses at community colleges. These short-term jailer or correctional officer training programs don't lead to a degree but can prepare students for entry-level positions in the field. Applicants must complete physical assessments, a background check and an interview.
In training academy programs, students learn how to supervise inmates, prepare reports, secure jails, release inmates and apply correctional law. Aspiring correctional officers also learn self-defense tactics and the safe use of firearms. In some cases, these programs prepare trainees for state certification or licensure exams.
Prospective correctional officers should stay in shape. Correctional officers have the potential to be injured in confrontations with prisoners. Individuals in this field should stay in shape and learn how to be aware of their surroundings at all times.
Step 3: Find a Job
After training is complete, prospective correction officers are ready to enter the job field. Utilizing the human resources department of correctional officers academy, canvassing online job markets, and checking the websites of prisons are the best means to find prospective openings. Potential jailers or correctional officers should look into the educational requirements set forth by government agencies and private companies, then apply to the appropriate openings. While some agencies hire applicants with a high school diploma and train them on the job, others prefer some additional courses or a college degree.
Step 4: Obtain Certification
While certification isn't always required, it can help jailers stand out and may lead to career advancement. A few organizations offer professional credentials, including the American Correctional Association (ACA). In order to earn the ACA's Certified Corrections Officer designation, applicants need to have a high school diploma or GED and one year of work experience prior to taking the exam.
Correctional officers or jailers require a minimum of a high school degree, though some additional schooling or certification can help prospective officers get better or higher ranking positions.