If you have an insatiable curiosity about languages, including their history, development, changes, and influences on the daily lives of those who speak them, then a career as a linguistic anthropologist might be right for you. A degree is a necessity, and most jobs in this field require graduate education, as well as strong research and analytical skills. Linguistic anthropologists work for research institutions, governments, and corporations; they create new research, analyze data, write and present papers, teach, travel, and consult.
Linguistic anthropologists are social scientists who study the origin and use of language. In order to study languages, they design and conduct various types of research. Some linguistic anthropologists also work as professors or consultants. A graduate degree in anthropology is typically required for this career, though some entry-level positions may only require a bachelor's. Linguistic anthropologists who plan to work as professors will need a doctorate.
|Required Education||Bachelor's degree for entry-level; master's degree for advanced positions; Ph.D. for advanced positions and/or teaching|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||4% for all anthropologists and archeologists|
|Median Salary (May 2015)*||$61,220 for all anthropologists and archeologists|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Linguistic Anthropologist Career Information
Linguistic anthropologists study the nature of language and how humans use it in their everyday life. As social scientists, they study data, analyze previously collected data, read historical documents and make interpretations. They study the history of language, the way languages change over time and across cultures, and how languages shape human behavior and social life.
Linguistic anthropologists plan, direct and conduct research. They use individual and group interviews, focus groups, consultants and observation to obtain data. To do this, they use established techniques or create new techniques. Computer programs may be used to help them record and analyze their findings. Professors of linguistic anthropology may divide their time between teaching and research.
Anthropologists write papers based on their research findings and present them to anthropological societies, such as the American Anthropological Association, or to general audiences. Some linguistic anthropologists may act as consultants to governmental bodies or other organizations.
The skills needed to be a linguistic anthropologist include active listening, speaking, reading comprehension, writing, complex problem-solving and social perceptiveness. Knowledge of the scientific method, deductive and inductive reasoning, and creative thinking are all required for interpreting research.
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median yearly salary for anthropologists and archeologists varies by industry, and the highest-paid are those who work for the U.S. government (www.bls.gov). They earned a median salary of $74,860 in May 2015. Those in management, scientific, and technical consulting services had a median wage of $58,510, and those who worked for local governments earned a median of $56,650 per year.
The BLS expects a slower growth rate for anthropologist and archeologist jobs than the average for other professions. Between 2014 and 2024, careers for anthropologists and archeologists are projected to increase by 4%, with the most opportunities for anthropologists being offered by corporations. Experience and a Ph.D. will give job seekers in either profession the best prospects, per the BLS.
Linguistic Anthropologist Requirements
While some entry-level positions, such as research assistant, may require a bachelor's degree, most anthropologists have a master's or doctoral degree. Social scientists are typically trained in statistics. Anthropologists often take courses in sociology, English, history, archeology, psychology, geography, philosophy and theology. Linguistic anthropologists may also need to study and learn foreign languages.
Linguistic anthropologists are a highly educated group of people, with most holding a graduate degree. Those who are successful in this field are skilled at and enjoy research, data, discovery, and sharing their knowledge with others through teaching, consulting, and presenting at conferences. Although many linguistic anthropologists work in government and academia, there are more job opportunities in the private sector at this time.