Medical records technicians - also called medical billers and coders, medical office assistants, and health information technicians - maintain medical records at healthcare facilities. Programs typically take 1-2 semesters to complete and are designed to provide students with an understanding of how to manage records and information in a healthcare environment. In addition to learning basic computer, keyboarding, and administration skills, aspiring medical records technicians learn about medical billing and coding techniques, medical terminology, and health center organization.
Aspiring medical records technicians enrolled in certificate programs learn to manage and operate the newest electronic records systems being used by healthcare facilities. They also learn old-fashioned filing, record retrieval, and sometimes even transcribing techniques. Graduates may qualify for certification in medical coding procedures. Many organizations prefer medical records technicians to have an associate degree, but some accept entry-level employees who have earned certificates, especially if they hold professional certification.
- Prerequisites: High school diploma or GED; SAT or ACT scores may be required
- Program Length: 1-2 semesters
Medical Records Technician Certification
Certificate programs in medical records technology include classroom lectures on healthcare administration and medical concepts as well as practical training in actual record-keeping procedures. Some examples of class topics include:
- Medical terminology
- Medical office administration
- Healthcare and the law
- Introductory computers
- Health information record systems
- Billing and coding
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
Hospitals, physicians' offices, nursing care facilities, and other healthcare organizations employed about 186,300 medical records and health information technicians in 2012, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported (www.bls.gov). The median annual salary for the profession was just over $35,900, per BLS data in May 2014.
Certification and Continuing Education
Medical records technicians with training in billing and coding procedures have the option to earn coding certification from the American Academy of Professional Coders. Certification is also offered by the American Health Information Management Association (AHIMA); in order to achieve the AHIMA's designation of Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT), medical records clerks are required to have at least an associate degree in the field. Graduates of a certificate program who are interested in educational opportunities beyond an associate degree can also enroll in bachelor's or master's degree programs in health information management and healthcare administration.