Molecular Biology Degree Program and Job Information

Read about molecular biology degree programs. Learn about education prerequisites, courses and labs, and research requirements, as well as career choices, employment outlook, salary information, and continuing education.

Essential Information

Molecular biologists study and analyze cells from a biological and genetic standpoint, and their research may applied to areas such as medicine, biotechnology, pharmacology, agriculture, and alternative energy. Students interested in this field can enroll in molecular biology programs at the bachelor's, master's, and doctoral degree levels.

Topical lectures, academic research, and hands-on laboratory studies are at the heart of all these programs. Research requirements are considerably more extensive at the graduate level. Master's and doctoral students can typically specialize some of their courses and research opportunities in a microbiology niche that interests them. Graduates of all levels are eligible for molecular biology-related work, although an advanced degree can bring wider opportunities.

Bachelor of Science in Molecular Biology

The focus of a bachelor's degree program in molecular biology is to learn how cells grow, adapt, react, mutate, and reproduce. Programs cover essential topics, such as cell structure, gene inheritance, and gene manipulation. Students get a broad overview of contemporary theories in molecular biology as well as extensive practical, hands-on analysis in a supervised laboratory environment. Applicants must have a high school diploma or the equivalent.

Program Coursework

The curriculum consists of general education requirements in the arts and sciences, as well as courses designed for the major. Students engage in academic research, laboratory experimentation, and attend lecture-based courses that cover the following topics:

  • Introduction to molecular biology
  • Genetics and molecular biology
  • Fundamentals of biochemistry
  • Biology of the cell
  • Organic chemistry
  • Chemistry

Popular Career Options

Graduates often pursue careers in academic or laboratory research in biological sciences or education. Popular career options include:

  • Science teacher
  • Laboratory assistant
  • Technical writer
  • Research assistant

Continuing Education

Graduates are able to apply to master's degree programs in molecular biology. Although an undergraduate degree is sufficient for employment in a number of areas, a graduate degree often provides a greater number of job opportunities.

Master of Science in Molecular Biology

Opportunities are also available for students to pursue a Master of Science in Molecular Biology. Students research the cell from a biological, chemical, genetic, and medical standpoint. Programs aim to develop students' analytical and critical thinking skills, as well as give them experience in laboratory research and administration.

Educational Requirements

Students applying to a master's degree program must have a bachelor's degree, typically in molecular biology or a related field.

Program Coursework

A graduate degree program allows for focused, concentrated research in the specific field of molecular biology. Students will also undertake a self-directed thesis research project. Course topics include:

  • Bioinformatics
  • Advanced molecular biology
  • Molecular biology in DNA and RNA
  • Medicine and molecular biology

Career Outlook and Salary Information

A 2010 report by the U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimated overall job growth of 31% for biochemists and biophysicists, including molecular biologists, from 2010-2020. However, the profession is small, with 25,100 workers employed in 2010, and competition will be fierce for the approximately 7,700 jobs that are created during that decade ( In May 2012, the salary range for biochemists and biophysicists in the 25th-75th percentile was between $55,360 and $112,200, with a median of $81,480.

Continuing Education

Students can continue to study molecular biology at the doctoral degree level. Although a master's degree is often sufficient for the majority of employment opportunities, individuals aspiring to teach at the college or university level will find a doctoral degree beneficial.

Doctor of Philosophy in Molecular Biology

A Doctor of Philosophy program in molecular biology is designed to train students in design and laboratory experimentation. Students gain the knowledge and skills to take on positions of leadership in research or academia as they continue to explore advanced topics in molecular biology, such as genetics, genomics, and biochemistry. Programs focus on technical and academic research, and students develop problem-solving and critical thinking abilities. Doctoral programs are the terminating degree track in this field of study.

Educational Prerequisites

Doctoral degree candidates must have a master's degree, often in molecular biology or a related field. Students often have advanced knowledge of molecular biology and previous professional experience.

Program Coursework

Students confer with an advisor on individual research projects. Along with laboratory research, students conduct academic research to prepare for the writing of a dissertation upon graduation. Program seminars cover the following topics:

  • Macromolecular structure
  • Principles in biochemistry and biophysiology
  • Genomics and molecular biology
  • Computational biology
  • Cell dynamics and structure

Popular Career Options

Doctoral candidates typically gravitate towards careers in molecular biology research or academia. Popular career options include:

  • Professor
  • Research director
  • Molecular biologist

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