Musicology studies are available through university music departments. Many programs offer subspecialty options in such areas as historical musicology, music analysis, music history and ethnomusicology.
At the bachelor's degree level, students gain foundational skills through courses in music history and musical analysis, as well as with the liberal arts courses required for the degree.
Master's degree programs push students to hone their music analysis skills and allow them to investigate areas of interest to complete a thesis. At the doctoral level, students focus on one area for a dissertation and often teach undergraduate classes.
At each level, programs may have admissions requirements that include foreign language and instrument proficiency as well as an advanced ability to read music.
Bachelor's Degrees in Musicology
A 4-year degree in musicology prepares students for graduate study or for entry-level teaching positions. Most schools require students to have a high school diploma or equivalent, be proficient in one or more instruments and capable of reading musical notation. Many programs require students to audition before acceptance and include foreign language coursework requirements during the program.
Many programs include concentrations or tracks for students to focus on one or more areas of musicology, including advanced musical analysis, music history and ethnomusicology. Programs typically offer Bachelor of Arts in Musicology or Bachelor of Music in Musicology degrees; both types of programs offer a broad liberal arts education in addition to the major courses in music history and ethnomusicology. In addition to learning music theory and gaining instrumental practice, students take theory-based courses that explore the cultural implications of music. Students may take related electives in their major; course topics could include the following:
- Music of Brazil
- History of the concerto
- History of jazz music
- Evolution of the ballad
- History of opera
Master of Arts in Musicology
Master of Arts in Musicology students learn advanced musical theory, aural analysis techniques and the history of jazz and classical music in the Western world. Applicants must have completed bachelor's degrees in a related subject, such as music or history, and may be required to submit Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores. Students must demonstrate competence in music reading and fundamental keyboard and voice skills. Many programs require students to audition.
In their first year, students learn how to analyze historical musical texts and documents, and courses emphasize a heavy foundation in music theory and notation. Students also examine the diversity in styles and in music notation methods through courses in ethnomusicology. In their second year, students choose a focus of interest and complete a thesis. Course topics may include the following:
- Music education
- Baroque music
- Aural training techniques
- Music literature
Ph.D. in Musicology
A student who wishes to teach or research music history at an advanced level can pursue a doctoral degree in musicology. All doctoral candidates must complete a bachelor's or master's degree in a related subject. Most programs also require students to submit a writing sample, have knowledge of at least one foreign language, be able to read music at a high level and have strong proficiency with the piano. Programs may take up to 6 years to complete, though students with other degrees may finish faster.
Most students sub-specialize in either music history or ethnomusicology. Depending on their areas of specialization, students may study advanced topics on the evolution of music through history or the folk music of a particular country. Ph.D. programs may include the following topics:
- Music of the Renaissance
- Music of the Caribbean
- Counterpoint music theory
- Music and society
Popular Career Options
Many undergraduates qualify for entry-level positions in teaching music at the elementary through high school levels (with applicable state teaching certification) or in private instrument instruction. Private lesson instructors don't need state certification, and they can either go into business for themselves or teach at music stores and extracurricular schools of music. Other careers may require further education; some popular career choices include the following:
- Music librarian technician
- Music journalism
- Piano, voice or guitar teacher
Master's degree program graduates are prepared for a number of professional fields or for further graduate studies, depending on their focus of research. Some popular career options include:
- Music publishing
- Music librarian
- Associate professor of musicology
Employment Outlook and Salary Info
Since the field of musicology is broad, graduates with doctoral degrees have a variety of possible career paths. Many graduates pursue careers in teaching or in research at the university level. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), though competition for tenure-track positions at a university was expected to be keen, employment of art, drama and music postsecondary teachers was expected to increase 11% from 2014-2024 (www.bls.gov). The BLS also reported that the mean annual wage of these professors was $76,710 as of May 2015.
Graduates of undergraduate and graduate musicology programs may find work in a variety of careers, including library science, education, music publishing and music journalism. Coursework typically involves the study of music theory and culture.