Mycologists study fungi and often teach at universities or colleges. They may also conduct research to better understand the health benefits of fungi. Both mycology professors and pharmacological mycologists must have a Ph.D.
Mycologists, who are biologists who study fungi, can pursue a range of different jobs depending on what type of work interests them. Some mycologists are academics and take on professorships at universities, where they typically conduct research, in addition to teaching biology courses. Other mycologists with interests in medicine may pursue pharmacological jobs and research the health and healing benefits of fungi. Both of these career options typically require a Ph.D.
|Career Titles||Mycology Professor||Pharmacological Mycologist|
|Projected Job Growth (2014-2024)*||16% for all postsecondary biological sciences teachers||4% for all microbiologists|
|Median Salary (2015)*||$75,320 for all postsecondary biological sciences teachers||$67,550 for all microbiologists|
Source: *U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Job Description of a Mycology Professor
A mycology professor is a university or college teacher whose job is two-fold. First, he or she must instruct students about the study of fungi, either as a separate field or within the field of biology. In addition, the mycology professor is expected to pursue novel research in some aspect of fungi, with an eye towards publishing unique, yet testable results.
Duties of a Mycology Professor
In addition to teaching students and conducting research, mycology professors are expected to participate in committee meetings, oversee student organizations and participate in other activities to help within their department. However, the most important part of their jobs is dedicated to education about and research of mushrooms, molds and yeast.
Requirements of a Mycology Professor
As with other professors, a professor of mycology is expected to have earned his or her Ph.D., specializing in some aspect of mycology. In order to prepare for this task, the mycologist is required to have a college degree, often in biology or a similar science. In addition, he or she is expected to have pursued extensive academic study of chemistry, environmental sciences, biology, plant sciences, scientific taxonomy and, depending on the area of expertise, pharmacology or nutritional science.
Salary and Job Outlook
Postsecondary biological sciences professors should see a 16% increase in job openings from 2014-2024, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). This increase represents faster-than-average employment growth. These professors earned a median of $75,320 per year as of 2015 (www.bls.gov).
Job Description of a Pharmacological Mycologist
A pharmacological mycologist studies fungi to discover if specific types of mushrooms, yeasts or molds contain anything biomedically useful. By extracting elements of the fungi or applying the entire fungi to various strains of diseases or types of food products, pharmacological mycologists can discover anything helpful or harmful about the fungi.
Duties of a Pharmacological Mycologist
Pharmacological mycologists are expected to pursue research that can benefit the companies and industries for which they work. The work on fungi that pharmacological mycologists perform allows the companies to discover new and novel uses for these relatively cheap forms of life. In obtaining patents, improving technology, and introducing new products by utilizing fungi, pharmacological mycologists attempt to better lives while assisting their companies economically.
Requirements of a Pharmacological Mycologist
Pharmacological mycologists are expected to have pursued advanced studies in biology, plant and agricultural sciences, microbiology, bioinformatics and even pharmacy studies. Typically, they hold a Ph.D. in some specialized component or field of mycology.
Salary and Job Outlook
The BLS reported a median annual salary of $67,550 in 2015 for microbiologists, who are similar to pharmacological mycologists. From 2014-2024, microbiologists could expect 4% employment growth, per the BLS, which is slower than the average for all occupations.
Mycologists research the healing benefits of fungi. They must have a Ph.D. and often become a college or university professors. Mycologists who choose the pharmacological route often help introduce new products that incorporate fungi.